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Brain Stem

Connects brain to spinal chord and determines brain life or death


Nerve pathway; contains auditory and visual reflex centers


Regulate brain activity during sleep/dreaming

Medulla (Oblongata)

Relay station between spinal chord and brain; regulates breathing, heart rate, reflex actions

Reticular Formation

Regulates consciousness


Coordinates muscles for precise movements and control of balance and posture

Limbic System

Emotional part of brain


Lays down memories and regulates emotions


Generates negative emotions


Takes sensory nerve impulses and sends them to the brain to let it know what's happening outside the body


Four F's: Fight or Flight, Feeding, Mating

Pineal Gland

Secretes melatonin; controls sleep-wake cycle

Cerebral Cortex

Contains nerve centers for thought, personality, senses involuntary movement

Motor Cortex

Allows conscious muscle movement

Sensory Cortex

Detects sense of touch, pain, temperature and pressure

Frontal Lobe

Creates feelings of self awareness

Parietal Lobe

Sense of touch

Occipital Lobe

Detects and interprets visual information (color, light, etc)

Temporal Lobe

Interprets hearing

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