American Gov't chapter 5
Terms in this set (49)
that it is made up of two houses, the representatives and the Senate
prolonged meetings of congress
only a president can call for this if necessary. congress is called back to work
last president to call a special session in 1948
435 voting members
Membership of the house of representatives
divided, among the states based on population
a population count that is undertaken every 10 years.
each state's population determines the number of representatives it will have for the next 10 years
the drawing of district boundaries to give one party an electoral advantage
drawing the lines so they include as many of the opposing party's voters as possible.
dividing an opponent's voters into other districts to weaken the opponents voter base.
state wide they have no particular district like a congressman
members who were already in office-- win election about 90% of the time they run
president pro Tempore
the people in the districts they represent... agricultural committee
Speaker of thHouse
presiding officer and it's most powerful leader
Wisconsin. Speaker of the House
closed meeting of the majority power chooses the speaker... then the house approves
House Floor leaders
majority leader top assistant to the speaker
British riders on the track. keep the guys in place
rule 23/ cloture
limits the debate by allowing each senator only one hour for speaking on a bill
a subject matter gathering where members are experts on a particular subject
takes control of the bill... here we compete with the other bills that committee's plate.
held.... usually public, where we can show our support for the bill and explain in more detail the need
here we help to make sure the bill is not so watered down or changed that it loses its focus.
gets their chance at the bill. The R.C. is the "traffic cop" of the legislative process
rules committee has 5 calendars, sets bill for full house or senate debate
is taken... debate, discussion, & review.
committee of the whole
almost always part of the major political party
an important bill that is likely to pass, to which amendments that are not likely to pass on their own merit are attached
the bill is put to a vote of the full house or senate
so now there are two usually slightly different versions of the bill passed.
majority leader of the senate
minority leader of the senate
the president of the senate
handles the day to day affairs of presiding over the senate
means to extend debate to prevent a bill from coming to a vote
holds the record of a filibuster. 24 hours.
filibusters are ended by invoking this. limits the debate by allowing each senator only one hour for speaking on a bill.
they are committees that survive from congress to another
small divisions of committees that specialized in certain aspects of the lawmaking process.
established temporarily, to examine a specific issue and report their findings
committees made up of members from both the House and the Senate
no bill can be sent to the president until both houses have passed it in identical form.