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Arts and Humanities
World War II
Terms in this set (50)
How were dictators acting in the 1930s?
They were aggressive all around the world
In Japan ('30s), who did the military leaders overrun?
Manchuria and much of Eastern China
In Italy ('30s), who did Mussolini invade and conquer?
In Germany ('30s), what did Hitler accomplish?
Rebuilt the military and invaded the Rhineland in violation of the Versailles treaty
How did Western Democracies react to these actions by dictators?
They denounced it but chose a policy of appeasement
Why was there widespread pacifism?
The devastation and lost of life in the Great War (many people viewed Hitler's fascism as a defense against Soviet Communism)
Who wanted to confront Hitler but why didn't they?
France didn't confront him because they couldn't do it alone and Britain didn't want to help
Why did the US Congress pass a series of Neutrality Acts?
They aimed for them to keep us out of any future European wars
Who were the axis powers and why did they exist?
(Anti democratic powers) Italy, Germany, and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact to fight Soviet Communism and also NOT interfere with one another's plans for territorial expansion
What happened after a civil war in Spain ousted the king?
Reformers created a republic with a liberal constitution taking power from the church and old ruling classes
What did conservative general Francisco Franco launch in 1936?
A revolt against the republic
The Fascists and the right wing; supported Franco
Communists and Socialists; supported the republic
What was the Spanish Civil War used as and by who?
Hitler and Mussolini used it as a dress rehearsal; Nazi's used this as a way to test their new bombers
Hitler and Mussolini supported Franco by
Sending arms and forces
The Soviet Union supported the loyalists by
What type of government did Franco change Spain to when he won the war in 1939?
A fascist government
what was Hitler's goal?
to unite all German-speaking people into the Third Reich
what was Hitler's FIRST goal?
the Anschluss or union of Austria and Germany
How did Hitler's troops violate the Treaty of Versailles in 1938?
they entered Austria and annexed it
What did the Western Democracies do when Hitler broke the Versailles Treaty?
After Hitler's successful overtaking of Austria who did he want to takeover next and why?
Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia, saying Germans were being mistreated
How did France and England respond to Hitler's threat about annexing Sudetenland?
They didn't want to go to war so they persuaded him to meet in Munich to discuss the problem
Who was everyone that came to the conference?
Neville Chamberlain represented Britain, Daladier represented France, but President Benes of Czechoslovakia was not allowed to attend the conference even though he had come to Munich
What happened at the conference in Munich?
Britain and France agreed to Hitler's demands; British prime minister Neville Chamberlain Sid that they achieved "peace in our time"
How did Hitler's break the promise with France and Britain?
Instead of just annexing Sudetenland he took all of Czechoslovakia (this caused Britain and France to pledge to protect Poland
What was the surprise move that happened in August of 1939?
Hitler and Stalin announced the Nazi-Soviet Pact
What happened on September 1, 1939?
German forces invaded Poland
What happened two week after the invasion of Poland?
Britain and France declared war on Germany (the start of World War 2)
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
German Air Force; was used to bomb airfields, factories, and cities
Poland and the Nazi-Soviet Pact
The Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east- basically dividing Poland between Germany and the Soviet Union
Britain and France gathered troops in France waiting for the winter attack, however.....
Hitler waited until the spring to attack Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Belgium
The Schlieffen Plan
German troops poured into France pushing the British and French troops to the beaches of Dunkirk
How many troops were brought to safety once British Prime Minister Winston Churchill appealed to the British public for boats to help evacuate the troops?
More than 300,000 troops were brought back to safety
Germany and France in 1940
Germany captured Paris and France surrender in June
German occupies northern France and set up......
A puppet government in SouthernFrance
Operation Sea Lion
(Hitler's plan to invade Britain) the Luftwaffe began 57 straight nights of bombing London with high explosives and firebombs
Why was Operation Sea Lion a fail?
The British fought back
General Erwin Rommel
German general known as the "Desert Fox" pushed into North Africa
After Africa the Axis Powers invaded.......
Greece, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and Hungary
By 1941, the Axis Powers......
Controlled most of Europe
Hitler broke the Nazi-Soviet Pact and what happened in June of 1941?
He invaded the Soviet Union
What happened during the Russian Winter?
Killed thousands of Germans but Russian cities withstood long sieges
What did Japan and Germany share?
Brutality of how they treated the people they conquered
Who did the Germans send to concentration camps?
Je2s, political opponents, Gypsies, Slavs, Homosexuals, the disabled, and the mentally ill
The final solution designed for Jews of Europe; in Poland six million Jewish men, women, and children were systematically murdered
Even though the United States were neutral what did Roosevelt want?
To be prepared for war
Made in a secret meeting between Roosevelt and Churchill whose goal was to destroy the Nazi reign
Cash and carry program
Helped Britain purchase needed war material
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