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Media Art Film Terms
Mr.Needles Media Art Film Terms
Terms in this set (70)
Above the Line
Part of budget reserved for major players in the productions such as the director, producers, writers, actors, etc. Everything else is below the line.
A measure of the width of the opening allowing light to enter a camera.
A measure of the relative sizes of the horizontal and vertical components of an image. AKA Academy Ratio.
Axis of Action
Also called the "180° line" is an imaginary line that passes through the two main actors of a scene, defining the spatial relations of all the elements of the scene as being to the right or left.
The second-to-last shot of the day. Named after production manager Abby Singer, who would frequently call "last shot of the day." Also called the martini shot.
A low-budget, second tier movie often 2nd movie in a double-feature billing.
The person responsible for designing art in the rear of the set. Also known as matte artist
A large, undeveloped area on studio property used for constructing large open-air sets.
All physical production costs not included in the above-the-line expenses, including material costs, music rights, publicity, trailer, etc.
Also called the Assistant Chief Lighting usually of the gaffer or key grip. In charge of the people and equipment, scheduling the required quantities for each day's work.
Deciding where actors will move and stand so that lighting and camera placement can be set.
A long pole with a microphone on the end.
A large white card made of foam or poster board used to reflect soft light.
A listing of which actors will be required for which scenes, and when they will be required.
A hand drawn sheet representing a single animation frame, usually made of a clear material like cellulose.
Also known as blue or green screen. Is a backdrop that actors are filmed in front of. Later the blank screen can be filled with digitally generated images to complete the background.
Computer Generated Imagery
Special effects done via the computer.
The narrative growth of a film created through a combination of visuals and sound (resembling the "story" in print literature).
When something happens out of sequence in the story of a film of when something exsists that shouldn't be there based on the error.
A person with expertise in the art of capturing images either electronically or on film stock through the application of visual recording devices and the selection and arrangement of lighting.
A small board which holds information identifying a shot. It is filmed at the beginning of a take.
A shot in which the subject is larger than the frame, revealing much detail.
(parallel editing) A method of editing in which the point of view (p.o.v.) switches alternately from events at one location to those of another related action. The action is ususlly simultaneous and used to create a dynamic tension as in the chase scene in D.W. Griffith's A Girl and Her Trust. (See Intercutting for the distinction between cuts.)
A change in camera angle or placement, location, or time. "Cut" is called during filming to indicate that the current take is over.
A shot with exceptional depth of field.
Depth of Field
The area within which objects are in focus; a large depth of field allows a great range of objects to be in focus simultaneously, while a shallow depth of field offers a very limited area in focus.
The principal creative artist on a movie set. Generally the driving artistic source behind the filming process who communicates to actors the way that he/she would like a particular scene played.
Director of photography
The chief cinematographer for a movie.
A small truck that rolls along dolly tracks carrying the camera, some of the camera crew and occasionally the director.
Dutch Angle Tilt
A shot composed with the horizon not parallel with the bottom of the frame
The first shot of a new scene, that introduces the audience to the space in which the forthcoming scene will take place.
Person in charge of production. Not involved in technical aspects, but still oversees all over production usually involved on the business end of filmmaking.
Medium where photographic images are recorded
The distance from the focal point of a lens to the plane of the film (for viewers and cameramen, this is seen as the amount of area a lens can photograph from a given distance.)
The art of recreating incidental sound effects (such as footsteps) in synchronization with the visual component of a movie.
Also called frames per second (FPS). There are 24 fps in standard film.
Chief lighting technician who is responsible for designing and creating lighting plan.
The person responsible for the set up, adjustment and maintenance of production equipment on the set.
An optical device used by a camera to focus an image onto film stock.
In Media Res
(Latin, "into the middle of things") Is the technique of relating a story from the midpoint, rather than the beginning
Person responsible for managing all the people and issues while the film is being shot.
Camera shot from medium distance, typically above the waist. Allow viewers to see body language, but not facial expressions.
A technique in film editing in which a series of short shots are edited into a sequence to condense space, time, and information. The term has been used in various contexts. It was introduced to cinema primarily by Eisenstein and early Russian directors used it as a synonym for creative editing
The standard for TV/video display in the US and Canada which delivers 525 lines of resolution at 60 half-frames per second.
When an actor has completely memorized their lines and is no longer in need of the script.
The process of speeding the frame rate of a camera up, so that when the captured pictures are played at the normal frame rate the action appears to be in slow motion. (slow motion)
The standard for TV/video display in the Europe which broadcasts at 576i.
The action of rotating a camera about its vertical axis.
A schedule of movie projects in production
An original light image captured on film.
Work performed on a movie after the end of principal photography. Usually involves editing and visual effects.
It begins once a project has been greenlit. At this stage in film production preparations go into effect. Financing will generally be confirmed and many of the key elements such as principal cast members, director and cinematographer are set. By the end of pre-production, the screenplay is hopefully finalized and satisfactory to all the financiers and other stakeholders.
The person responsible for raising funds, hiring key personnel, arranging for distributors, and following the film from idea to completion.
The entity responsible for fundraising for the production. It may join with a parent company, partner, or private investor. It provides the physical basis for works in the realms of the performing arts, new media art, film, television, radio, and video.
The person responsible for the overall look of a filmed event such as films, TV programs, video games, music videos or adverts. Working directly with the director and producer, they must select the settings and style to visually tell the story.
Happens when a shot taken at a 120-180 degree angle from the preceding shot.
Workers responsible for setting up lighting and scaffolding on film sets.
A script written to be produced as a movie.
A person who either adapts stories or writes screenplays for film.
An environment used for filming.
The list given to the film crew of all the shots for that day.
The length of time that a single frame is exposed for.
A large area (usually in a studio) where elaborate sets may be constructed.
A form of animation in which objects are filmed frame-by-frame and altered slightly in between each frame. Also known as go-motion
A sequence of pictures created to describe each scene in the film production.
An abridged script; longer than a synopsis. It consists of a summary of each major scene of a proposed movie and descriptions of the significant characters and may even include snippets of dialogue.
The process of slowing the frame rate of a camera down, so that when the captured pictures are played at the normal frame rate the action appears to be in fast motion. (fast-motion)
A camera technique created by Alfred Hitchcock that involves tracking backwards while simultaneously zooming in, making the person or object in the center of the image seem stationary while their surroundings change.
To finish shooting at the end of the day or the end of the production.
A shot in which the magnification of the objects by the camera's lenses is increased or decreased.
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