Exam 1 IV and blood therapy
Terms in this set (14)
What are the two (2) major indications for IV therapy?
1. Fluid, and blood replacement.
2. Drug administration.
What are the two (2) major classes if IV fluids?
The two major classes of IV fluids are Colloids, and crystalloids.
What type of IV catheter do paramedics most often use?
Paramedics mostly use the Over-the-Needle catheter often called an angiocatheter.
What are the two general types of IV administration sets used by paramedics
The two general types of IV administarion sets used by paramedics are
1. Microdrip tubing
2. Macrodrip tubing
The "gauge" of an IV catheter refers to what? (BE SPECIFIC)
The size of an intravenous cannula is expressed as its gage. The larger the gauge, the smaller the diameter of the stylet and catheter.
An IV catheter should be introduced into the vein at what angle?
An IV catheter should be introduced into the vein at a 10-30 degree angle.
What is the contraindication for the use of lactated Ringer's solution?
Contraindications for lactated ringer's solution are congestive heart failure, and renal failure
How much lactated Ringer's solution is needed to replace 1 liter of lost blood?
You need 3-4 liters of lactated ringer's per liter of blood loss.
What are the four (4) electrolytes and their quantity found in lactated Ringer's solution?
The four electrolytes found in lactated ringer's is , Sodium chloride, potassium chloride, calcium chloride, and sodium lactate
What are the indications for the use of lactated Ringer's solution?
The indications for using lactated Ringer's solution are hypovolemic shock, fluid resuscitation in obstetrical emergencies; loop diuretic overdoses, keep IV open.
What is the mechanism of action of normal saline solution?
Normal saline solution replaces water, and electrolytes in the body.
List five (5) indications for the use of normal saline.
Some indications for normal saline are hypovolemic shock, diabetic ketoacidosis, heat exhaustion, stroke, fresh water drowning.
What is a contraindication for the use of normal saline?
A contraindication for the use of normal saline is congestive heart failure.
What anticonvulsant cannot be mixed with D5W?
Phenytoin (Dilantin) cannot be mixed with D5W.