70 terms

Music and Rhythm of Colombia

different music and rhythms from colombia
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BAMBUCO
from the Andean zone.
It is performed by duos or trios that play the guitar, the tiple, the mandolin and on some occasions, the flute, but more often the guitar and the tiple are used, accompanied by singing. It is danced by couples.
From this rhythm come the torbellino, the sanjuanero, the guabina and the bunde.
CUMBIA
archetype of Atlantic coastal music, played with Caribbean coast gaitas drums, maracas and guacharaca.
BULLERENGUE
rhythm is derived from the cumbia. It is danced by women. Men accompany them with music and their singing is regulated by clapping
MAPALE
It is of African origin and is danced chiefly on the Atlantic coast and on the banks of the Magdalena River. With its fast rhythm and constant clapping, it has a marked playful quality
MERENGUE
popular in the Caribbean region of Colombia, mainly in the Magdalena department and the surrounding area.
PASEO
divided into two rhythms, slow and fast The latter is the most popular in vallenata music. The slow paseo is romantic, but the fast one rarely so
PORRO
Caribbean folklore, that contains dancing and singing. It has variants such as the porro tapao or puya and the porro palitiao, a faster rhythm than the cumbia
MAPALÉ
It is of African origin and is danced chiefly on the Atlantic coast and on the banks of the Magdalena River. With its fast rhythm and constant clapping, it has a marked playful quality
PUYA
It is a fast and complex rhythm that creates a joyful atmosphere. It originated in the Magdalena department.
SON
slow rhythm of African origin with native influence, characteristics are the use of the bass accordion. Both the son and the paseo recount the life stories of their authors and friends or describe the region in which they live.
VALLENATO
name comes from Valle de Upar "Valledupar" (Valley of Upar) the place of its birth.
It is played with accordion, caja vallenata drum (a larger version of the bongo) and guacharaca. Generally, this kind of music consists of 4 basic rhythms: paseo, son , merengue and puya
ZAFRAS
These are mostly songs sung by farm workers, from the Caribbean region.
DANZA
Dance of Andean folklore arising from the transformation of the European contredance and the Cuban habanera.
GUABINA
typical rhythm of the Huila, Tolima, Santander and Bayacá regions,a vocal song with danza and torbellino rhythms and added variants of popular songs
PASILLO
rhythm inspired by the Austrian waltz and the Colombian "danza".
In the beginning, it was played on the piano in reception rooms. Subsequently, it became popular and started to be played on the tiple, the mandolin and the guitar, accompanied by singing
RAJALEÑA
rhythm is the most authentic among the different musical expressions of Huila folklore.
The instruments that distinguish the rajaleña from other types of music are the queco flute, the carangano, the tiple, the drum and other native instruments of the region
SANJUANERO
It is a mixture of bambuco and joropo and is played at the St. John and St. Peter festivals. This rhythm is joyful and fast and its dance represents the conquest of love, which begins with a flirt, is followed by infatuation, and ends with the symbol of marriage.
BUNDE
Tune of the Pacific coastal region that also exists in Andean folklore. It consists of a mixture of rhythms; structured guabina, torbellino and bambuco
TORBELLINO
Rhythm from Boyacá, Cundinamarca and Santander folklore that is heard during pilgrimages, dances, local holidays and travels. The peasants express their feelings with their music which is accompanied by songs and dances.
SALSA
Cuban native rhythm introduced to Colombia through Barranquilla. At the end of the sixties, some Puerto Rican musicians played the rhythm at the Cali Fair and the people of that city adopted the rhythm
AGUABAJO
Traditional songs of Choco department, sung by its inhabitants when they navigate the rivers of the Baudó region. It consists of a kind of intertwined play between women and men
BUNDE
Musical tune from the Pacific seaboard. It is of African origin and its name comes from the word "wunde" from Sierra Leone.
CONTRADANZA
popular dance of the south region of the Pacific coast. It is used in dance shows to illustrate a typical national dance, as a result of the striking colours of the costumes, its elegance and the mobility of the dancers
CURRULAO
It consists of dancing and singing, accompanied by music played typically with instruments such as the native marimba, the conunos, the bass drum, the side drum and the cuatro guasas or tubular rattle. It has two varieties: the juga and the bereju.
CURRULAO
best-known rhythm from the folklore of the Pacific region.
MAKERULE
Music of Choco folklore,It resembles an Andean dance
JOROPO
fast rhythm that predominates on the Eastern plains.
Generally, it is accompanied by singing and corridos. there is also tapping as a result of its flamenco ancestry.
JOROPO
cuatro, harp and capachos (small maracas).
Varieties: The pasaje (a slow rhythm), the zumba que zumba, the galeron and the golpe, also called seis. At times, contrapunteos songs are heard, consisting of verbal duels and repartee.
JOROPO
means party and dance
GALERON
variation of joropo with a similar structure. It is the oldest rhythm, dance and song of the plains area. It is heard a lot while cowboys are working and is frequently played during the plainsmen festivals
PASAJE
It is a rhythmic and slow variety of joropo. The lyrics of its songs are usually descriptive
Chocó
Pregón, Polka, Mazurka, Jota Chocoana, Calypso, Tamborito Chocoano, Abozado, Aguacorta, Agualarga and Bambara.
Southern Pacific Region
Pango, Andarele, La Madrugada, Tiguarandó and Saporrondó.
Eastern Plains "Los llanos"
Quirpa, Chipola, Guacharaca, Pajarillo, Gaban and Nuevo Callao
San Andrés and Providencia
Scottish Cuadrillas, Cotillón and Calypso.
MUSICA GUASCA
Name used in the Antioquia (Colombia) refers to music campesina(peasant ) o montañera(hillbilly).diverse rhythms like rancheras, corridos y huapangos exported from México; pasillos y vals from ecuador; y zambas, tangos, pasillos y vals from argentina
Música Campirana
music of listen by the farmers and peasant in the countrysides of colombia
Carranga
interpreted by the guitar, tiple, requinto y guacharaca, and also by the human voice divided as a main voice and chorus. the main voice, usually plays the guacharaca.a happy and merry genre, it covers the vibes of the peasants and their love for the fields and the counrtyside,the ecology,good humor and social criticism
Colombian Rock
juanes and the monas
Bolero
genre of slow-tempo Latin music and its associated dance. There are Spanish and Cuban forms which are both significant and which have separate origins
Reggaeton
blends Jamaican musical influences of dancehall, and Haitian konpa with those of Latin America, such as salsa, bomba, latin hip hop, and electronica. Vocals include rapping and singing, typically in Spanish. Lyrics tend to be derived from hip hop rather than from dancehall
MANDOLIN
A stringed instrument plucked with a plectrum. It is usually accompanied by the tiple and the guitar
BOMBARDINO
It is a brass wind instrument, otherwise known as the tuba or euphonium, played with the clarinet
BASS DRUM OR TAMBORA
A drum from the Pacific seaboard, whose cylindrical body is made from a balsa tree trunk.
GAITA
It is a long hollow tubular wooden stick with holes near the end and a head made of beeswax and vegetable coal, trimmed with a turkey feather
GAITA
A wind instrument that originated with a native tribe of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in the Caribbean region of Colombia
CAPADOR
A wind instrument made with pipes of fine hollow canes of different sizes. The name, capador, is only used in Cundinamarca, Tolima and Huila
KARANGANO
An instrument from Huila and Tolima departments, made of bamboo
CHIRIMÍA
A wooden Instrument similar to a clarinet. It has almost disappeared because it is very difficult to play
CLARINET
An instrument of European origin, frequently used in Choco department
CUARTO
A stringed instrument mainly used on the eastern plains
CUNUNO
A conical form of drum, from the Pacific coastal region
ESTERILLA
A wind instrument with twelve pipes made of cane, bound together by a fibrous string
REED FLUTE(Flauta de Carrizo)
A flute, placed diagonally across the body from left to right, made of a bamboo-like cane which is grown in the Pacific coastal region
MILLO FLUTE
This wind instrument is a kind of flute made of cane from millo. It is the essential instrument for playing the cumbia music of the Atlantic coastal region
GUACHE
A percussion instrument used to play cumbia music, along with the guacharaca, millo flute, brass drum and maracas
GUASÁ
A typical bamboo percussion instrument from the Pacific seaboard. It resembles a maraca without the handle, and is of tubular form with vegetable seeds and stones inside. It is played on the diagonal
MARIMBA OF CHONTA
A marimba made from the chonta palm tree It is typical of the Pacific coast
REQUINTO
A wooden stringed instrument, similar to a small tiple, with twelve metal strings divided into four groups of three strings each.
RONDADOR
A wind instrument made of different-sized pipes of fine hollow canes bound together by a fibrous string
ZAMBOMBA
A type of drum. This instrument is a gourd, cut in half and covered with an animal skin. There is a hole in the middle which holds a cedar stick
ZAMBOMBA
It is typical of the departments of Santander, Huila and Tolima . It accompanies guabina and torbellino music.
PASILLO
The lyrics, which are usually beautiful, have been composed by well-known poets. Among the best-known pieces are: La gata golosa, Chaflán', Vino tinto, Esperanza and many others.
SANJUANERO
Music which has come from old folklore of the so-called Tolima Grande. (Huila and Tolima)
Vallenato
Emiliano Zuleta, Juancho Polo Valencia, Pacho Rada
Vallenato Accordion
Honer Corona III
Bambuco
Lucho Ramirez, Victor Hugo Ayala, Dueto de Antaño
Cumbia
Leonor Gonzalez Mina, RODOLFO AICARDI, Lisandro Meza
Salsa
Grupo Niche, Fruko y Sus Tesos, Latin Brothers
Champeta
Cartagena region music influenced by soukous, compas, zouk, and reggae
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