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History Sec 5.3
Terms in this set (26)
Shawnee warrior from the Ohio Valley - led spiritual and military resistance against US government by Native Americans
Battle of Tippecanoe
1811 battle in Indiana territory between Native Americans and US troops in which Native Americans were defeated and Prophetstown was burned and the Native American resistance was weakened
aggressive and young strongly nationalist members of Congress who pushed for war against Britain in the years leading up to War of 1812
War of 1812
war between US and Britain from 1812 to 1815 provoked by British impressment of US sailors, interference with trade, and support for Native American attacks
US military officer who later served in House of Representatives and Senate, later became 7th US president - general in War of 1812, defended New Orleans,
Francis Scott Key
US lawyer and poet who wrote "The Star Spangled Banner" after observing British attack on Fort McHenry
"The Star Spangled Banner"
poem written by Francis Scott Key in 1814 that became the national anthem in 1931
Battle of New Orleans
1815 battle where US defeated British, occurred after US had signed Treaty of Ghent
Treaty of Ghent
1814 peace treaty to end War of 1812 and establish prewar boundaries
1814 meeting of Federalists from New England who opposed War of 1812 - discussed seceding and making own peace with Britain, instead wanted constitutional amendments to grant them more power, outcome led to Federalist party dying
treaty between US and Spain in which Spain gave Florida to US and US renounced claims on Texas
fourth president, democratic republican, supported war with Britain, called "Father of the Constitution"
War Hawk from Kentucky
John C. Calhoun
War Hawk from South Carolina
What legislation dealt with Britain and France? What did it do?
- 1809 - replaced embargo with Nonintercourse Act, said that US would resume trade with whichever country (Britain/France) lifted restrictions on American shipping
- Macon's Bill No. 2 restored trade with both countries but said that if a country recognized US neutrality, US would resume trading limits on other country.
- France agreed, but continued to seize US ships
Why was there a Native American resistance?
- Native Americans were angered that the US used dishonest treaties to take their land
- wanted to preserve culture and unite the nations
Why did the War Hawks push for war? What did they believe were the benefits of war?
- hated Britain's impressment and support for Native Americans
- wanted to restore honor
- said invading Canada would stop the British from giving Native Americans weapons and get British out of the continent
- said British would lift sea restrictions to get Canada back
Who was Madison's advisor?
What did Jefferson convince Madison to do? What was the result?
- said US could conquer Canada, since it was small and they wouldn't need a navy
- said they didn't need a professional army, citizen militia could do the job quickly
- proved wrong: attempts defeated, state militias broke rank and fled, and the US army surrendered, embarassed
What victories against Native Americans were there?
- US navy performed well, capturing British ships and retaking Detroit
- defeated Britain's Native American allies
- Tecumseh's army killed, supporters scattered
- Creek Indians crushed by Andrew Jackson, who then invaded Florida and defeated Seminole Indians
What places did Britain invade towards the end of the war? Why were they able to do this?
- fight against French had ended, had more troops to fight in US
- navy blockaded coast, armies invaded Maine, New York, Maryland, and New Orleans, however all except Maine were defeated
What major city was burned in the war?
WAshington, D.C, and then Baltimore - attack on Fort McHenry
What was the greatest American victory of the war?
Battle of New Orleans
What did Americans view the Treaty of Ghent as?
a victory - news of Treaty of Ghent came after new of Battle of New Orleans, so they viewed it as US forcing British to make peace with them
What was the outcome of the Hartford Convention for Federalists?
party died - news of demands came at same time of news of treaty of Ghent and battle of new orleans - seen as traitors and defeatists
What new states were added to America after the war?
Indiana, Mississippi, Illinois, Alabama, and Florida territory
This set is often in folders with...
Topic 4 History Final
4.1 A Weak Confederation
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4.2 Drafting a Constitution
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