Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
CH. 5 CARDIO, IMMUN, LYM & BLOOD (Disease and Disorder Terms)
Terms in this set (58)
Thickening, hardening, or loss of elasticity of the arterial walls. Can lead to altered tissue and organ function.
A type of arteriosclerosis characterized by the build up of fatty plaque.
Condition of a slow heart rate
Disease of the heart muscle
Abnormal condition of a clot in a blood vessel of the heart
Abnormal state of a rapid heart rate (over 100 beats per minute)
Inflammation of the lymph glands
Tumor of lymphatic tissue
Reduction in the amount of hemoglobin in the blood
Localized dilation of a vessel wall due to weakness. Can lead to arteriorrhexis or phleborrhexis
Chest pain which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the heart muscle. Can be a Symptom of MI
Sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation, which requires cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Condition of thrombus in a deep vein of the body. Iliac and femoral veins are commonly affected
A mass of undissolved matter present in a blood or lymphatic vessel brought there by the blood or lymph current. May be solid, liquid or gas and can cause infarcts
Rapid, quivering, noncoordinated contractions of the atria or ventricles
Malignant disorder of the lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, usually beginning in the cervical nodes
Myocardial infarction (MI)
Heart muscle damaged by partial or complete occlusion of one or more of the coronary arteries. AKA: Heart attack.
Rheumatic heart disease
Damage to the heart muscle or heart valves caused by one or more episodes of rheumatic fever
Varicose Veins (Varicosities)
Distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities
(blood) clot (attached to the interior wall of an artery or vein)
Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
Temporary interference with blood supply to the brain. No long term damage.
any disturbance or abnormality in the heart's normal rhythmic patter
atrial fibrillation (AFib)
a cardiac arryhthmia characterized by chaotic, rapid electrical impulses in the atria
sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation, which requires cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs with nutrients and oxygen
coronary artery disease (CAD)
Condition that affects the arteries of the heart, resulting in decreased blood flow to the myocardium.
peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
disease of the arteries, other than those of the heart and brain, that affects blood circulation, such as atherosclerosis and Raynaud disease
an acute infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus characterized by swollen lymp nodes, sore throat, fatigue, and fever
Congestive Heart Failure
Reduced outflow of blood from the left side of the heart. Results in lung congestion, dyspnea, and fatigue.
Abnormal sound heard on auscultation, caused by defects in the valves or chambers of the heart
Mitral valve prolapse
Condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole
to fall out of place
Damage to brain due to interruption of blood supply. AKA: Cerebrovascular accident
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
Strokes are caused by hemorrhage in the brain or emboli and thrombi that occlude arteries.
A blood pressure that is persistently above normal.
Vascular disorder in which the fingers and toes become cold, numb and painful
A malignancy of connective tissue including bone, fat, muscle and fibrous tissue.
Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation caused by turbulent blood flow.
Cardiac enzyme studies
Blood tests to assess cardiac damage.
CKMB and troponin-I
Blood tests that measure proteins specific to the heart that are relased as a result of recent MI.
The visualization of the heart through ultrasonography.
Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
Measurement of the electric activity of the heart muscle.
A device used to record the electrical activity of a patient's heart over a period of time of 24 hrs.
Method used to evaluate CV fitness by monitoring ECG while a patient is exercising.
Drugs that reduce low density lipoproteins
Drugs used to dissolve blood clots
Drugs used to reduce blood clotting
A catheter is threaded through a large blood vessel until it reaches into the heart
Any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels and restores forward blood flow .
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)
Surgery that bypasses blocked coronary arteries using grafted vessels taken from other parts of the body
Restorative surgery on a valve, especially cardiac valves
Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (AICD)
implanted electric source with wires into heart. Senses rhythm and zaps if fibrillation is sensed.
implanted electric source with wires into heart. Provides low-level stimulation to maintain normal heart rhythm.
Malignant disorder of lymphatic tissue that is not related to Hodgkin disease. Also called non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Systemic loss of immunity due to destruction of helper t cells by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Radiographic examination of the lymphatic system using an injected contrast medium
Bone marrow aspiration biopsy
Removal of bone marrow tissue so that it can be evaluated microscopically
Technique used to determine histocompatibility (compatibility of tissues) for transplants
Recommended textbook explanations
Anatomy & Physiology Student Workbook
Kent Pryor, Richard Allan, Tracey Greenwood
The Human Body in Health & Disease
Gary A. Thibodeau, Kevin T. Patton
Anatomy and Physiology
Human Anatomy And Physiology
Elaine N. Marieb, Katja Hoehn
Sets found in the same folder
Chapter 1: Intro to Med Terms
AP Literature Vocabulary Lists 1-5
Sets with similar terms
ch.5 disease and disorders
MT Chapter 10 Part 2- Cardiovascular, Immune, Lymp…
Chapter 8-Human Diseases
Chapter 7 Medical Terminology
Other sets by this creator
Med Term Ch. 1
Human Anatomy- Muscle Test
Med Term Ch 10 Musculoskeletal System
Chapter 10 diseases
Other Quizlet sets
Human Digestive System
SS8 Chapter 14 Test (GE)
American Government Unit One