Upgrade to remove ads
therapeutic modalities cold vs. heat
Terms in this set (50)
An agent like surgery that involves physical treatment of a disorder
Examples of therapeutic modalities
Cryotherapy, Thermal Therapy, Ultrasound, Lasers,magnets ect.
Agent that relieves pain.
rate of metabolism, The amount of energy expanded in a given period.
elasticity of soft tissues
Condition or property of certain connective tissues being elastic or flexible.
How long may RICE be used?
Depending on severity can be used 1 day to 2 weeks.
Gel pack , Ice pack, Whirlpool, ice towel, ice cup, Cryo-cuff
Advantages and disadvantages of gel pack
Advantages: Reusable,Clean ,Very cold ,applies compression
Disadvantages: Length of time cold ,Expansive
Advantages and disadvantages of ice pack.
Advantages: Holds temp for long time, Conforms to injury, Different sizes, not expansive
Disadvantages: Messy, Not reusable.
Cold therapy application
20 minutes on average depending on body part
Time for finger,thigh,and ankle
doesnt reduce edema that is already present after injury
cell metabolic rate
elasticity of soft tissues
Allergic to cold, Frostbite, nerve palsy
What is nerve palsy?
loss of nerve function. Personal nerve to fibular head and ulnar nerve at elbow
When do you apply?
After inflammatory phase.
How long do you apply?
indicated for what kind of injury?
was and mineral oil. Combination heat application
What is the clean and dry technique?
Dip and wrap
How many times do you dip the hand?
What do you wrap it in?
Plastic bag draped with towel to maintain heat
What is the soak technique?
Remaining in wax for 20-30 minutes without removing.
BEst heat modality?
Hydrocollator pack or moist heat pack
Name 3 heat modalities
whirlpool,ultrasound,and warm moist towel
What does heat therapy decrease?
Muscle spasm and joint stiffness
what does heat therapy increase?
Cellular metabolism, blood flow,and elasticity of tissues
Never apply heat when...
Loss of sensation,acute injury,decrease in articular circulation,and open wounds or cuts.
why do you never apply heat therapy when there is an open wound ?
Heat increases the blood flow so it will make it bleed more than usual.
What is contrast therapy?
Combination of cold and heat therapy.
What is combination therapy used?
In transition between inflammation and repair phases.
What has little to no credibility?
The pumping effect
How long do you apply contrast therapy on average?
start what? end what?
Whats the ratio?
How many minutes hot/cold?
4 minutes hot
1 minutes cold
what is ecchymosis?
Bruising under the skin
injury to a muscle
Also known as adhesions
used for deep heating
long onset or long duration
increase in blood vessel size
Decrease in blood vessel size
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
MUSCULAR SKELETAL SYSTEM
Kinns Chapter 53 ( Assisting in Phleboto…
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Nursing Fundamentals ch 18
Cold and Superficial Heat
Fundamentals of nursing care - chapter 18 Applying…
Interventions: Heat and Cold
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
The foot and ankle
Environmental considerations and safety
Body planes and motion vocab
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Therapeutic Modalities (Cold vs. Heat)
medications for thromboembolic disorders
Drugs for DIsorders of the Adrenal Cortex/Glucocor…