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Students will be tested on their spelling and knowledge of definitions of Week 3: Geology vocabulary.


the mass of air surrounding the Earth


the central part of the Earth


the outer layer of the Earth


shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity


any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth's surface


(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it)


(geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other


a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas


feature of Earth's surface (examples: mountains, valley, hill, plain, mesa)


molten rock beneath the earth's surface


the layer of the earth between the crust and the core


the occurrence of two or more things coming together


a large mass of land projecting into a body of water

plate tectonics

the theory that pieces of Earth's crust are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle


a large area of flat land elevated high above sea level


the act of moving away in different direction from a common point


the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas


a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water


a giant wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor


The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.

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