poem

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Poetry
a type of literature in which words are carefully chosen and arranged to create certain effects.
Poetry is which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas
Figurative Language
words that are used in an imaginative way to express ideas that are not literally true.
figurative language to make their work more interesting or more dramatic than literal language.
Simile
compares two unlike things using "like" or "as"
Example: He is as tall as the Empire State Building.
Metaphor
compares two unlike things not using "like" or "as"
Example: The classroom was a zoo.
Personification
giving human qualities to non-living objects.
Example: The trees danced in the wind.
Imagery
words or phrases that appeal to our 5 senses (sight, touch, taste, smell, sound).
Hyperbole
an exaggeration of the truth for emphasis or humor.
Example: I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.
Symbol
a person, place, or object that stands for something else.
Example: A Raven is a symbol of our school.
Sound Devices
ways of using words for the sound quality they create
Alliteration
the repetition of sounds at the beginning of words
Example: Bob baked bread
Assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds within non-rhyming words
Example: Try to light the fire (long i sound within the words)
Onomatopoeia
words that say their meaning
Example: buzz, gargle, zip.
Repetition
a sound, word, phrase or line is repeated for emphasis
Example: Swing, swing, swing
Rhyme
is an occurrence of similar or identical sounds at the end of two or more words. Such as suite, heat, complete. Rhyme that occur within a line of poetry is called internal rhymes. Rhyme that occurs at the ends of lines of poetry is called end rhyme.
Rhyme Scheme
a pattern of end rhymes in a poem. A rhyme scheme is noted by assigning a letter of the alphabet, beginning with a to each line. Lines that rhyme are given the same letter
Rhythm
is a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. Poets use rhythm to bring out the musical quality in language, to emphasize ideas, and to create moods.
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Idiom
an expression that has a meaning different from the meaning of the individual words.
Example: " it's raining cats and dogs" is an idiom which means it's raining in a downpour.
Consonance
is the repetition of the consonant sounds within and at the end of words.
Example. Lonely, afternoon
Couplet
is a rhymed pair of lines that can be written in any rhythmic pattern.
Stanza
a stanza is a group of two or more lines that form a unit in a poem.
Ex: "try as I might to find a way
I never can get back the day."
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