Course foundation: Eight Stages of Authorship
The "eight stages of authorship"
Terms in this set (8)
Creating ideas to read and write about.
EXAMPLES: Experiencing life, remembering experiences, discussing topic, addressing assigned topic, researching topic, drafting about topic.
STRATEGIES: brainstorming, clustering, free-writing, reverse
Finding, reading, understanding, and analyzing information to improve topic knowledge.
EXAMPLES: Reading about topic, researching topic, using assignment resources
STRATEGIES: Finding primary, secondary, and tertiary information sources, evaluating sources, consulting topic experts, reading "mentor texts"
Generating text that may be published.
EXAMPLES: Creating a thesis statement, first "content draft" according to assignment standards, & revised drafts.
STRATEGIES: Graphic paneling, voice-to-text drafting (e.g. through Google Docs), building on inventing strategy to complete a draft.
Evaluation of a draft by a peer(s); peer(s) reads with intent to give feedback, giving author new perspectives so author can revise by (re)inventing, researching, drafting, editing, and/or proofreading prior to publishing.
EXAMPLE PEER REVIEWERS: classmate, friend, family member, topic knowledge expert, teacher.
STRATEGIES: use assignment rubric as checklist, author conferences
Large-scale changes the writer makes to a composition.
EXAMPLES: addition, subtraction, or re-organization of ideas; returning to Inventing, Researching, Drafting, and/or other stages.
Style and fluidity changes to a composition.
EXAMPLES: Improving word choice, sentence fluency, transitions between ideas and paragraphs, and focusing the "voice" of your composition to make it your own.
STRATEGIES: reading your draft out loud; use editing tools (e.g. Grammarly, Hemingway App, and Turnitin.com)
Improving capitalization, spelling, grammar, punctuation, citation, formatting, and other "detail" improvements to a composition, preparing it for publication.
EXAMPLES: Reviewing assignment requirements, formatting, capitalization, spelling, grammar, punctuation.
STRATEGIES: Review assignment requirements (e.g. rubric, standards, directions, etc.); use proofreading tools like "Grammarly."
WRITING STAGE: purposefully sharing authored composition with audience(s), factoring in "kairos" rhetorical quality.
EXAMPLES: printing, uploading, turning in, posting, presenting.
STRATEGIES: Proofread multiple times; consider rhetorical situation and composition audience(s) before publishing; verify that your composition publishes correctly.
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