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Arts and Humanities
Religion Chapter 11
Miss. Magnyae's Religion CCHS
Terms in this set (23)
this supernatural, free, and undeserved help from God is given to help us choose what is good and avoid evil.
A stable and supernatural disposition that perfects the soul itself to enable it to live with God, to act by his love.
Sacraments of Healing
sacraments that restore our bodies and souls through christ's work of healing and salvation; the sacraments of Penance and Anointing of the sick
Sacraments of initiation
sacraments that lay the foundation of christian life. We are born anew in the sacrament of baptism, strengthened in the sacrament of confirmation, and given the food of eternal life in the sacrament of the eucharist.
Sacraments at the service of communion
Sacraments directed toward the salvation of others, which confer a particular mission in the church and serve to build up the people of God; the sacraments of Holy Orders and Matrimony.
Matter, Form, and Minister
___, a physical sign of a sacrament with which or to which something is done in order to confer grace. Examples include water (baptism), bread and wine (eucharist), and sacred chrism (confirmation); ___, the necessary ritual words that accompany a sacrament; ___, a person who administers or celebrates a sacrament.
Baptism, Penance and Reconciliation, Eucharist, Confirmation, Matrimony, Holy Orders, and Anointing of the Sick.
What are the seven the sacraments?
sins that slowly draw us away from God.
Mortal Sins (Sacrilege)
Sins that destroy our relationship with God.
He was arrested for defending the integrity of the sacrament of matrimony for counseling a young woman who was considering marrying a certain german who was already divorced and leading a scandalous life.
BI. Otto Neururer was arrested for defending the integrity of what sacrament and to what did he object?
After he was arrested for the "slander to the detriment of german marriage," (which is ironic because he was defending the sanctity of christian marriage) he was sent to Buchenwald (a concentration camp). While he was there, a fellow prisoner requested to be baptized. Although he suspected a Nazi plot, he celebrated the sacrament anyway out of priestly obligation. In consequence, he was taken to the "bunker" of extreme punishment two days later, where he was tortured and executed.
BI. Otto Neururer was martyred for administering what sacrament?
Sacraments of initiation: baptism, confirmation, and the eucharist.
Sacraments of healing: penance and anointing of the sick.
Sacraments of the service of communion: matrimony and holy orders.
Into what 3 categories are the sacraments grouped? Which sacraments are in each?
Confirmation: sacred chrism (oil)
Eucharist: wheat bread and grape wine
Penance: oral confession
Holy orders: the laying on of hands
Marriage: the couple themselves
Anointing of the sick: oil of the sick
What are the signs of each sacrament?
Baptism, confirmation, and holy orders are only received once because they imprint an indelible mark on the soul that distinguishes the followers of christ from others.
what sacraments are only received once and why?
Actual grace enables us to act while sanctifying grace is a state in which God allows us to share in his life and love. (read the textbook)
what is the difference between actual and sanctifying grace?
The validity of a sacrament doesn't depend on the holiness of the minster because it is christ who acts but it does depend on the disposition the recipient. Lacking the proper disposition for the recipient can reduce or eliminate the recipients ability to receive the grace offered. For example, if a person were to receive communion in a state of mortal sin, he or she would receive no grace and would be committing a sacrilege, another mortal sin.
does the validity of a sacrament depend on the holiness of the minister? what can reduce the graces received from a sacrament? Explain.
A sacrament is an efficacious sign of grace that points to a deeper, spiritual reality. They are signs of grace in that God dispenses his graces to us through these sacramental signs and rites. They do exactly what they signify, but on the spiritual level.
Mysterion relates to the sacraments because they are mysterious.
Sacramentum relates to the sacraments because the priests must take an oath to preform the sacraments with validity.
what is a sacrament, and what do the sacraments do? what do the etymological words "mysterion" and "sacramentum" reveal about the sacraments?
We are born anew in the sacrament of baptism, strengthened in the sacrament of confirmation, and given the food of eternal life in the sacrament of the eucharist.
what are the sacraments of christian initiation?
the sacraments of Penance and Anointing of the sick
what are the sacraments of healing?
the sacraments of Holy Orders and Matrimony.
what are the sacraments at the service of communion?
a physical sign of a sacrament with which or to which something is done in order to confer grace. Examples include water (baptism), bread and wine (eucharist), and sacred chrism (confirmation)
the necessary ritual words that accompany a sacrament
a person who administers or celebrates a sacrament.
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