Upgrade to remove ads
The Road to War - Growing Division Chapter 17 - (1848-1861)
Terms in this set (21)
An amendment to the funding bill for the Mexican American War, which called for slavery to be banned in whatever territories the United States acquired from Mexico.
The Wilmot Proviso was designed to eliminate slavery within the land acquired as a result of the Mexican War (1846-48). Soon after the war began, President James K. Polk sought the appropriation of $2 million as part of a bill to negotiate the terms of a treaty.
Compromise of 1850
to keep the balance between slave and free states coming into the Union
The Compromise of 1850 was a package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress in September 1850, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states on the status of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The compromise, drafted by Whig Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky and brokered by Clay and Democratic Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois, reduced sectional conflict. Controversy arose over the Fugitive Slave provision. The Compromise was greeted with relief, but each side disapproved of some of its specific provisions:
The Fugitive Slave Act
A provision in the Compromise of 1850 which denied runaway slaves the right to a jury trial and required local law enforcement officials to assist in the arrest and recovery of fugitive slaves.
The Act was one of the most controversial elements of the 1850 compromise and heightened Northern fears of a "slave power conspiracy". It required that all escaped slaves were, upon capture, to be returned to their masters and that officials and citizens of free states had to cooperate in this law. Abolitionists nicknamed it the "Bloodhound Law" for the dogs that were used to track down runaway slaves
Harriet Beecher Stowe writes Uncle Tom's Cabin
The author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, a novel which intended to expose the horrors of slavery.
Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly, is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel "helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War", according to Will Kaufman.
Stowe, a Connecticut-born teacher at the Hartford Female Seminary and an active abolitionist, featured the character of Uncle Tom, a long-suffering black slave around whom the stories of other characters revolve. The sentimental novel depicts the reality of slavery while also asserting that Christian love can overcome something as destructive as enslavement of fellow human beings
Kansas Nebraska Act May 30, 1854
states could vote on if they wanted to be a free or slave state - problem bc it violated the previous compromise of 1820 (Missouri Compromise) and 36 30' n line). There would also be a change in Congress.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed by the U.S. Congress on May 30, 1854. It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. The Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30´.
The term used to describe the violence that occurred between free-soilers and pro-slavery settlers living in the Kansas territory.
Bleeding Kansas, sometimes referred to in history as Bloody Kansas or the Border War, was a sequence of violent events involving anti-slavery ("free-staters") and pro-slavery "border ruffians" elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory and the western frontier towns of the U.S. state of Missouri between roughly 1854 and 1858 attempting to influence whether Kansas would enter the Union as a free or slave state.
In all, approximately 63 people died in Bleeding Kansas. The term "Bleeding Kansas" was coined by Horace Greeley of the New York Tribune. The events in Bleeding Kansas directly foreshadowed the American Civil War.
Bloodshed in Congress
fistfights broke out in Congress over slavery
the Dred Scott was a decision by the supreme court of the US. the court ruled that Scott (slave) could not be freed when his owner died, because, as a slave, he was not a citizen of the US.
a former slave sued for freedom, wasn't allowed to use the court system
slaves raided an arsenal
The Battle of Harpers Ferry was fought September 12-15, 1862, as part of the Maryland Campaign of the American Civil War. As Gen. Robert E. Lee's Confederate army invaded Maryland, a portion of his army under Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson surrounded, bombarded, and captured the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia), a major victory at relatively minor cost.
The political theory that residents had the right to decide for themselves whether to permit slavery in their newly organized territories.
Slavery, States' Rights, and Sectionalism were the major causes of
the civil war
Sectionalism was a major part of the events that led to the Civil War. What does sectionalism refer to?
life in the North was very different than life in the South
north- strong federal govt
outside of city
coming from another country
send (goods or services) to another country for sale.
"king cotton" had transformed the south into a rural region w slavery, little manufacturing, and few railroads
the crime of betraying one's country, especially by attempting to kill the sovereign or overthrow the government.
a deputy or substitute acting for a superior.
battle of chapultepec/victory
On this day in 1847, General Winfield Scott wins the last major battle of the Mexican-American War, storming the ancient Chapultepec fortress at the edge of Mexico City.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 4; Part 2 Study Guide (SS)
History 201 Final (STEPHAN)
HIS 103 Exam 3
8-4 Civil War Key Terms & Stuff to Know
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Unit 6: Leadership and Teamwork
U2L8: Time Signatures
U2L7: Dotted Notes and Ties
U2L5: Rhythm and Note Duration