39 terms

Chapter 19

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Discovered in 1859, Nevada's Comstock Lode contained
a rich lode of silver-bearing ore.
What event occurred in 1868 along the Little Bighorn River?
the Sioux and Cheyenne defeated a U.S force led by George Custer.
Which of the following developed the proposal to break up the reservations and encouraged Native Americans to become farmers?
The Dawes Act
The network of farmers' self-help organizations eventually came to be called
National Grange
Cattle became big business in the West because of the spread of
Railroads
Name 2 things the Populist Party wanted/did
*wanted government to take over railroads and lower the fee
*wanted a national income tax
*some populist candidates were elected to local government (50 seats in House of Rep, 6 governors, and 3 senators
What was the National Grange?
They were a group of farmers who supplied books/education about farming.
What did Farmers' Alliances propose in order to get some federal protection?
They proposed that the federal government build warehouses where farmers could store crops while waiting for prices to rise. Also, to decrease the transportation fee.
Name 4 changes the federal government eventually made based on Populist ideas.
1) 8 hour work days
2) income tax
3) the secret ballot
4) direct election of senators
What impact did the railways have on the West?
cITIES CONNECTED OR CLOSE TO RAILROADS GREW QUICKLY. THOUSAND OF FARMS WERE CREATED CLOSE TO THE RAILROADS WHICH HELPED GET SUPPLIES IN AND TO MARKETS
Describe the 1st transcontinental railroad.
It was built by the Union and Central Pacific. They met at Prommentary Summit, Utah. It connected the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the U.S.
What are boom towns?
Boomtowns were lawless towns near mines. There was no police, therefore vigilante would step up and arrest any wrongdoers without trials. Some boomtowns turned into ghost towns and others became states.
Identify the effects of the mining booms
Towns sprang up overnight
Western areas became populated and eventually became states
Railroads were built that connected the East and West.
why did people settle on the Great Plains?
New laws offered free land.
Homestead Act offered land at a cheap price and gave farmers the opportunity to own the land
Some people wanted freedom
What were the actions of the U.S government toward the Native Americans?
Moved them to large reservations.
Attacked the N.A that resisted resettlement
Dawes Act broke up reservations & gave N.A plots of land.
Name the 2 successes and the failures of the National Grange
Successes:
1) provided education
2) held social gatherings
Failures:
cooperative fail
Name 2 succeses and the failures of the Farmers' Alliances
Successes:
1) set up government warehouses and loans
2) supported cooperative buying
Fail: separate alliances did not unite.
2 successes and fails of Populist Party
Success:
1)won a number of elections at the state level
2)many of their ideas/reforms that they proposed passed in the 1900s
Fails:
didn't get a populist president elected
money or goods given by a person or government to support a project that benefits the public
Subsidy
going across a continent
Transcontinental
a geographic region in which the same standard time is used
time zones
a trip of several hundred miles on which ranchers led their cattle to railroads and distant markets.
long drives
a cowhand of Hispanic origin
Vaquero
to earn ownership of land by living on it
Homestead
name given to early Great Plains farmers
sod busters
a farming method that depends on plowing after every rain and trapping moisture in the soil in dry, non irrigated land.
Dry farming
moving from place to place in a fixed pattern
nomadic
an area of land set aside or used by a group
reservation
a network of local farmers' groups
National Grange
enterprise states owned by and operated for the benefit of a certain group
cooperative
an appeal to the common people
populism
one of the owners of the Comstock Lode which was the richest deposit of silver bearing ore ever
Henry Comstock
the leader of his tribe at the time, one of several Sioux groups. He built a reputation as a great and fearless warriors
Sitting bull
defeated by thousands of N.A. He only had 250 soldiers yet he still fought. (1839-1876)
Colonel George Custer
led his people to resist the colonization of Apache land by both Mexican and U.S settlers. He was the last N.A to surrender (1829-1909)
Geronimo
a young congressmen from Nebraska who made an electrifying speech in support of free silver. lost to William McKinley. AKA The Great Commoner because of his appeal to average Americans.
William Jennings Bryan
Republican candidate who opposed free silver. He served in Congress for 14 years and as governor of Ohio for 4 years. He was our 25th president
William McKinley
How did cooperative farms help in the late 1800s? Why did those cooperatives eventually fail?
Cooperative farms helped in the late 1800s because they charged lower price than regular stores and provided an outlet for farmer's crops. They failed because they were always short of cash and had to borrow money until they sold their next crop.
EXTRA CREDIT: What are the 5 themes of s.s?
Geography
History
Government
Economic
Culture