79 terms

Kingdom Protista

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Protista
A kingdom of eukaryotic organisms that are usually unicellular
Cannot be classified as animals, plants, or fungi
Eukaryotic
Cells where there is a true nucleus is surrounded by membrane
Pseudopods
"False foot." Finger like extensions of cytoplasm that help the amoeba move.
Cilia
Tiny hairlike extensions all along the cell that aid in movement for the paramecium
Flagella
A threadlike structure that aids in movement for the euglena. Whip like movement.
Malaria
A common infection in hot, tropical areas transmitted by mosquitoes through the blood
Photosynthesis
Process by which cells make their own food
Heterotrophoic
Must consume food
Autotrophic
Can make its own food
Animal like, fungus like and plant like
Three main types of Protista
Animal Like
Members of protista that are able to move.
Fungus Like
Members of protista that absorb nutrients
Autotrophic Protists
Plant like---Make their own food.
Animal Like Protists
Have some members that hunt.
Flagellates
Move by Flagellum
Ciliates
Move by Cilia
Protozoans
Plant like Protists--Classified by how they move
Algae
Plant Like Protists---Classified by their cell wall
Molds
Fungus-like Protists
Euglenoids, Dinoflagellates, Diatoms
The major categories of algae
Colonial Life
Multicelled organisms that live in groups but act independent of one another
Multicellular
Multicelled organisms that live in groups and have specialized jobs
Trypanosoma gambiense
Kinetoplastida
Euglena oxyuris
Euglenophyta (Euglenid)
Dinoflagellates
Dinoflagellata
Paramecium multimicronucleatum
Ciliophora (Ciliates)
Stentor
Ciliophora (Ciliates)
Live in "glass houses"
Diatoms
Foraminifera
Foraminifera
Amoeba proteus
Tubulinea
Volvox
Chlorophyta
Spirogyra
Chlorophyta
"Proto-" means?
First
"Zoa" means?
Animal
Hetero means?
Different or other
Trophic means?
Feeding
Pseudo means?
False
Pod means?
Feet
Includes all microscopic organisms that are not bacteria, not animals, not plants, and not fungi.
Protista
Mushrooms molds mildew are all examples of organisms in this kingdom
Fungi
Obtain food from parts of plants that decay in the soil
Fungi
Four general traits of protists
Eukaryotic cells
Aquatic environment
Great diversity
Origin was probably from prokaryotes and later got organized into specialized purposes
Three groups of protists
Animal like
Plant like
Fungus like
Protozoan means?
First animal
Amoeba move by extending lobes of cytoplasm called
Pseudopod
Two types of sarcodinians (now Rhizarians)
Have a shell
Lack a shell
Zoomastigina (Flagellates) - now Kinetoplastids
Animal-like, whip tail
Live in the gut of termites
Trichonympha
Blood parasite, causes African sleeping sickness
Trypanosoma gambiense
Characteristic of Ciliophora (Ciliates)
Locomotion using cilia
Are photosynthetic and without specialized tissues
Algae
Armored organisms with two flagella that spin them around in water
Dinoflagellates
Cause red tides
Dinoflagellates
Covered with cell walls made of silica
Diatoms
Used in tooth paste and reflective paint
Diatoms
Blood parasite that causes malaria
Plasmodium
All ---- are photosynthetic and without specialized tissue
Algae
Body is covered in cellulose plates
Dinoflagellates
Produce an oily substance that allows them to float
Diatoms
Display both animal and plant like characteristics
And what characteristics
Eulgenoids
Animal-like have flagella for movement
Plant-like - have a cell wall and chloroplasts
Single celled green algae
Chlamydomonas
Individual cells working together as one "organism"
Colony
Thallus refers to?
Body of algae
Spirogyra
Spiral spin
Phylum Rhodophyta
Red algae
Grow in warm salt water
Red algae
Can change colors depending on available light
Red algae
Main ingredient in ice cream called carrageenan
Red algae
Phylum Phaeophyta
Brown algae
Live in cool salt water
Brown algae
Grow in the deep parts of the ocean
Red algae
Includes the giant kelp
Brown algae
Single cell with multi-nuclei
Plasmodia slime mold
Active feeding stage of a slime mold is called
Plasmodium
Decomposers of freshwater ecosystems
Water molds
Parasites of fish
Water molds
White rust and down mildew are examples of
Water molds
Cell walls are usually made of
Cellulose
Fungus cell walls are made of
Chitin

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