Greek and Roman Art

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Terms in this set (...)

Aegean Art
2800-1100 BC
Forerunners of Greek Civilization
Minoans and Mycenaeans
Minoan art
2800-1500 BC
Crete, wealthy, influenced by nature)
What nature were minoans influenced by
bulls and sea
Bull-Leaping Fresco
Minoan
Palace of Knossos
Minoan
inspired the myth of King Minos and his Minotaur
Mycenaean Art
1600-1100 BC
first advanced civiz in Greece
warrior culture
Lion Gate at Mycenae
mycenaean
Funerary Mask of Agamemnon
Mycenaean
Greek Art
600 BC
beauty in balance unity and proportion
idealized human forms
archaic period
frontal pose
stiff rigid movement
archaic smile
classical period
contrapposto
lifelike and naturalistic
perfect proportions
hellenistic period
complex, twisted poses
drama and emotional intensity
contrapposto
asymmetrical arrangement of the human figure in which the line of the arms and shoulders contrasts with, while balancing, those of the hips and legs
Kritios boy
first known use of contrapposto
early classical period
Kouros
male, nude
Kore
female, clothed
Doric order
capital is simple and unadorned but typically topped by a frieze
ionic order
capital consists of two spirals
Corinthian order
capital is ornately carved foliage
frieze
horizontal band of sculpture, often found above columns of doric or ionic orders
parthenon
most celebrated greek structure
temple to athena
Elgin Marbles
sculptures removed to the british museum in london
Greek Painting
walls, wood panels and vases
brightly painted
Black Figure Pottery
red figure potter
Etruscan Art
800-100 BC
forerunners of roman civilization
most art found in tombs
Chimera of Arezzo
Etruscan
Sarcophagus of the Spouses
etruscan
Roman art
dominated western world
architecture
often copied greeks
vault
arched roof
Colosseum
roman
designed for spectacles
models for modern sports fields
Pantheon
roman
largest un-reinforced dome
aqueduct
roman
artificial channel for conveying eater
Le Pont-du-gard
France!
Imperial Portrait Sculpture
propaganda, idealized
roman
copies of greek originals
marble
portraits of private citizens
realistic detail, warts and all
fresco
painting done rapidly in watercolor on wet plaster
mosaic
picture or pattern produced by arranging small colored pieces
Alexander Mosaic
roman

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