WW1

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Terms in this set (...)

Zimmerman Note
Message that started WW1
over the top
when soldiers climb out of trenches to launch an attack
Total war
War that required the entire country to make sacrifices
Stalemate
When neither side has the ability to make a move
Eastern Front of WWI
No trenches, large land gains. Germany, A-H, and Turks vs. Russia and Serbs
Lusitania
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
Gavrilo Princip
The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, a member of the Black Hand
14 Points of Woodrow Wilson
1918
Treaty
A formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
Armistice
an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
Why were the soldiers eager for war?
Nationalism; they were eager to fight for their nation, it made them proud
Most effective weapons of WW1
Chlorine gas and machine guns
Country with the most casualties
Russia
Country with the highest casualty rate
Austria-Hungary
not a member of big 4
russia
Why did Russia withdraw from the war?
Civil unrest due to war-related food and fuel shortage
Russia/Germany Treaty to leave war
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
When was the armistice signed?
November 11, 1918
When did the US enter the war?
1917
When did the war start?
1914
What ruined the Schlieffen plan
Trench warfare
Who didn't join the League of Nations
Germany
Militarism
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
Alliances
A state formally cooperating with another to reach a common goal
Imperialism
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Why kind of tension did Militarism create?
They create competition and arms races
What tension did alliances cause?
They dragged countries who weren't involved before into just because they are allies
What kind of tension did imperialism cause?
It creates tension between the smaller country and the bigger country trying to take it over
What kind of tension was created by nationalism
Some had loyalty to the president and nationalists had loyalty to their country
Example of militarism
Britain engaged in an arms race and tried to one up each other with weapons
Example of alliances
The allied powers
Example of Imperialism
The nations of Europe competing for Africa and Asia
Example of nationalism
Gavrillo Princep killing arch duke Ferdinand for the black hand
Flaw #1 is the Treaty of Versailles
The allies disagreed on how to beat punish Germany
Flaw #2 of the treaty of Versailles
Germany refused to accept the terms of the reparations
Flaw #3 of the Treaty of Versailles
Germany refused to accept the war guilt
Punishment #1 of Germany
They had to take full war guilt
Punishment #2 of Germany
They had to give up a lot of their army
Punishment #3 of Germany
They lost a lot of territory
Punishment #4 of germany
They had to pay lots of money in reparations
Who won WW1?
The allied powers
Who are the allied powers?
Britain, Russia, US
Losers of the war
Germany and Austria-Hungary