Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules. The standard in the US, Canada, and UK for cataloging. The current edition is the second edition, 2002 revision, 2004 update
A name, term, code, and so forth under which a bibliographic record may be searched and identified
A method to control the multiple headings an entry could appear under in the library catalog. Multiple entries are cross-referred to a single entry, using authority control. Entries that may require authority control include subject headings and author entries.
Bibliographic Framework. The program that is in testing as of 2015 to replace MARC; it is based on the concepts of linked data in that surrogate records can created and linked to other records without regard to platform or computer language.
The organized description of an information package; originally applied to the description of books, the phrase is now associated with such records of all material types. See also Surrogate Record.
The shelf address of an item, made up of its classification number and shelf marks.
Chief Source of Information
The source of data to be given preference as the source from which a surrogate record (or portion thereof) is prepared.
A numeric, alphabetic, or alphanumeric system used to organize information often in a hierarchical order (e.g. Dewey Decimal Classification, Library of Congress Classification), often associated with creating an identifier as a shelf locator for an item.
A list of terms authorized for indexing, such as a subject heading listing thesaurus.
The act of taking one or more surrogate records from one library database and copying the record(s) into another library database; the surrogate records of another database, also known as copy.
Term used to refer to the person, corporate body, or family responsible for the intellectual and creative content of a work, expression, manifestation, or item.; could also be known as author, illustrator, choreographer, etc.
In the MARC format, a symbol identifying the start of a subfield. Delimiters print variously as a double dagger, $, or |.
Area 2 (250 tag) of the surrogate record wherein the cataloger records the version of the item being cataloged most often identified on the item with the terms "edition" and "version" but not "printing."
One part of a MARC record corresponding to one area of description, one subject heading, one call number, and so forth; also known as Tag.
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Data. Along with FRAD the basis for the theoretical construct for RDA. Within FRBR is the design for WEMI; focusing on the ideas of relationships of ideas and creators rather than on items and surrogate records.
Integrated Library System. The computer of Web-based program many school libraries have today that provides the integration of acquisitions, cataloging, and circulation functions in one program.
In MARC format are numeric codes for the computer that define the process for dealing with the information in the tag subfields. Each tag has two indicators, even if one or both are blank.
The item being cataloged, whether it is a book, DVD, or LCD multimedia projector. Term used to refer to all types of materials being cataloged in a generic form rather than describing a list of item types.
International Standard Bibliographic Description. International standard that defines the punctuation found in the surrogate record.
International Standard Book Number. This is a system of unique numerical 10 or 13 digit identifiers for published titles. It helps to ensure more efficient ordering, inventory control, and accounting.
In Sears List of Subject headings, a set of subdivisions for one term that may be applied to all terms of its type.
A searchable word, such as a significant word in a title or one of the words in a multiword subject heading.
Main Access Point
The element in the surrogate record that is defined as the first point for access to the record. 1XX or 245 fields. It has no meaning in RDA.
Machine Readable Cataloging. A group of identifying codes used to communicate information about an information package using computers, originally developed by and for the catalogers at the Library of Congress.
Online Public Access Catalog. The electronic form of the library catalog.
The title of an item in a language other than the primary language of the text.
Preferred Source of Information
Phrase used in RDA that refers to the priority order sources on an information package from which to take data in creating a surrogate record.
A word or phrase that removes ambiguity from an access point, usually given in parentheses, such as Cambridge (Eng.).
Resource Description and Access. The cataloging standard that has replaced AACR., developed on the theoretical framewors for FRBR and FRAD with a focus on making connections through the relationships between ideas and creators. Designed to be format and platform free, the standards are applicable to cataloging all types of information packages but is adaptable to ISBD and MARC requirements.
Area 6 (440 tag) of the surrogate record that describes the publication connection between the information package and the series; group of discrete items having, in addition to their own titles, a common title identifying them as parts of the series.
Statement of Responsibility
Part of the first area of description naming those with overall responsibility for the creation of the information package, usually recorded in the 1XX, 245, and 7XX tags.
A word or phrase identifying the content of an item being cataloged and used as an access point; a term from an authorized list of terms to be used as access points, called a Descriptor.
The result of taking physical and intellectual data about an information package and arranging that data according to standard cataloging rules (AACR); library databases are comprised of surrogate records. See also Bibliographic Record.
Indexing in which any terms, not just those on an authorized list, nay be used for retrieval, such as a title keyword index.
A title/field used to collocate editions and versions of a work that appear under different titles proper. The uniform title assigned to an item may be the title by which it is commonly known (e.g. Alice in Wonderland, not Alice's Adventures in Wonderland).
Acronym referring to Work, Expression, Manifestation, Item. The theoretical basis for bibliographic control defined in FRBR. Example: Dracula. W-Bram Stoker's idea for Dracula; E-The realization of the idea could be a new or same expression; M-Physical embodiment; I-The specific object you are cataloging.
A standard for information retrieval that makes it possible for any library that uses automated library systems conforming to the standard to tap remote library collections or other libraries to tap local collections.
Pros: Better retrieval, good if you don't know the subjectwill find the word anywhere in the record cons: Hit or miss: If you don't choose the right word, you will not get a hit- (example Lexile of 650 might be mentioned as Lexile 500-750)too many hits--search for baseball player you will get all baseball and all kinds of players
uses a controlled vocabulary so if you search for surfing, you know you are surfing on water not your couch uses intellectual content*fewer, more precise hits
Dewey numbers I like
398.2 (fairytales); 823.8 Charles Dickens in literature, although I may do a 092 and put in fiction.
AACR2--may not work well catalging future technologies Breaking the rule of 3 gives more access points Easier--no hard-to-understand Latin Built on relationships Has FRBR relationships in mind (Find, Identify, Select, Obtain). Emphasizes relationships between ideas and creators Take what you see Familiar RDA is built on AACR2 Is more international