Terms in this set (29)
Genre means a type of art, literature, or music characterized by a specific form, content, and style. Literature has four main genres: poetry, drama, fiction, and non-fiction.
an epic is a long narrative poem, which is usually related to heroic deeds of a person of an unusual courage and unparalleled bravery
A lyric uses a single speaker, who expresses personal emotions or thoughts. Lyrical poems, which are often popular for their musical quality and rhythm, are pleasing to the ear, and are easily put to music.
Drama is a mode of fictional representation through dialogue and performance. It is one of the literary genres, which is an imitation of some action. Drama is also a type of a play written for theater, television, radio, and film.
prose writing that is based on facts, real events, and real people, such as biography or history.
is a name for stories not entirely factual, but at least partially shaped, made up, imagined
literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythm; poems collectively or as a genre of literature.
Plot and it's elements
There are five essential parts of plot: 1) Exposition (introduction) - Beginning of the story; characters, background, and setting revealed. 2) Rising Action - Events in the story become complicated; the conflict is revealed. ... 3) Climax - Turning point of the story.
a plot point is a significant event within a plot that spins the action around in another direction.
A form more realistic than the tale and of modern origin, the writer usually presents the main events in greater fullness
A protagonist is the central character or leading figure in poetry, narrative, nove,l or any other story. A protagonist is sometimes called a "hero" by the audience or readers.
In literature, an antagonist is a character, or a group of characters, which stands in opposition to the protagonist, which is the main character.
a hero can be defined as the principal character of a literary work. The term hero has been applied, not only in the classical sense, but also in modern literature, as the principal character of a story, play or novel.
Anti-hero is a literary device used by writers for a prominent character in a play or book that has characteristics opposite to that of a conventional hero.
a foil is a character that shows qualities that are in contrast with the qualities of another character. The objective is to highlight the traits of the other character.
In literature, a doppelganger is usually shaped as a twin, shadow, or a mirror-image of a protagonist. It refers to a character who physically resembles the protagonist, and may have the same name as well.
moment in the story where a character achieves realization, awareness, or a feeling of knowledge
Point of view or narrator's perspective
First person point of view involves the use of either of the two pronouns "I" or "we."
"I felt like I was getting drowned with shame and disgrace."
Second person point of view employs the pronoun "you."
"Sometimes you cannot clearly discern between anger and frustration."
Third person point of view uses pronouns like "he," "she," "it," "they," or a name.
" Stewart is a principled man. He acts by the book and never lets you deceive him easily."
Omniscient is a literary technique of writing a narrative in third person, in which the narrator knows the feelings and thoughts of every character in the story.
A main characteristic of a reliable narrator is his or her proximity in values to the implied author. The fictional truth of the narrative is typically related to readers via this reliable narrator
Flat vs Round Characters
A flat character does not change during a story. Also, he or she usually only reveals one or two personality traits. The round characters are well-developed and complex figures in a story. They are more realistic, and demonstrate more depth in their personalities
Setting is an environment or surrounding in which an event or story takes place.
Tone or mood
In literature, mood is a literary element that evokes certain feelings or vibes in readers through words and descriptions.Mood is developed in a literary piece through various methods, including setting, theme, tone, and diction.
The style in writing can be defined as the way a writer writes. It is the technique that an individual author uses in his writing. It varies from author to author, and depends upon one's syntax, word choice, and tone.
Diction can be defined as style of speaking or writing, determined by the choice of words by a speaker or a writer
Allegory is a figure of speech in which abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures, and events. It can be employed in prose and poetry to tell a story, with a purpose of teaching or explaining an idea or a principle
Irony is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that ends up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated.
Theme is defined as a main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work, which may be stated directly or indirectly.
Symbolism is the use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities, by giving them symbolic meanings that are different from their literal sense.