How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

15 terms

Chapter 8 drugs

medical terminology
STUDY
PLAY
anaphylaxis
an extreme allergic reaction that can lead to respiratory distress, circulatory collapse and death.
antagonist
a substance that interferes with or opposes the action of a drug
brand name
the trade or proprietary name of a drug, a registered trademark of the manufactures; written with an initial capital letter
contraindication
a factor that makes the use of a drug undesirable or dangerous
drug
a substance that alters body function
efficacy
the power to produce a specific result; effectiveness
generic name
the nonpropietary name of a drug; that is, a name that is not privately owned or trademarked; usually a simplified version of the chemical name; not capitalized
phytomedicine
another name for herbal medicine
potentiation
increased potency created by two drugs acting together
prescription
written and signed order for a drug with directions for its administration
side effect
a result of drug therapy that is unrelated to or an extension of its intended effect; usually applies to an undesirable effect of treatment
substance dependence
a condition that may result from chronic use of a drug, in which a person has chronic or compulsive need for a drug regardless of its adverse effects; dependence may be psychological or physical
synergy
combined action of two or more drugs working together to produce an effect greater than any of the drugs could produce when acting alone. also called SYNERGISM
tolerance
a condition in which chronic use of a drug results in loss of effectiveness and the dose must be increased to produce the original response
withdrawl
a condition that results from abrupt cessation or reduction of a drug that has been used regularly