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LEWIS CH 40 OBESITY
Terms in this set (49)
An excessively high amount of body fat or adipose tissue
Fat cells increase volume several thousand-fold to accommodate a large increase in lipid storage
Excess caloric intake for the body's metabolic demands
Results from various congenital anomalies, chromosomal anomalies, metabolic problems, or CNS lesions and disorders
Body mass index
Overall assessment of fat mass
Formula: weight (lb) x 703 / [height (in)]2
What is the BMI classification for an individual who is underweight?
BMI = <18.5
What is the BMI classification for an individual who is normal?
BMI = 18.5-24.9
What is the BMI classification for an individual who is overweight?
BMI = 25.0-29.9
What is the BMI classification for an individual who is obese?
BMI = 30.0-34.9 (class I) or 35.0-39.9 (class II)
What is the BMI classification for an individual who is extremely obese?
BMI = > or equal to 40.0
A way to assess and classify a person's weight
Health risks increase if waist circumference is:
>40 inches (men) and >35 inches (women)
Waist to hip ratio (WHR)
Waist measurement divided by the hip measurement
Fat located primarily in upper legs (gyroid obesity)
Has a better prognosis but difficult to treat
Fat located primarily in the abdominal area (gyroid obesity)
At greater risk for obesity-related complications
Epidemiology of Obesity
Affects one third of the US population
Second leading cause of preventable death
Third leading reason for liver transplantation
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