34 terms

vocabulary for unit 1 theology

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

christ
from the greek word meaning messiah, or anointed one. it became the name proper to jesus because he accomplished perfectly the divine mission of priest prophet and king signified by his anointing as messiah
christological
having to do with the branch of theology called Christology. the study of the divinity of jesus christ the son of god and the second divine person of the trinity and his earthly ministry and eternal mission
divine economy
also known as the economy of salvation this refers to gods eternal plan and his actions for the salvation of humanity
ecumenical council
a gathering of the churchs biships from around the world convened by the pope or approved by him to address the pressing issues of the church
the eucharist
also called the mass or lords supper, based on a word for thanksgiving, central christian liturgical celebration, established by jesus at the last supper. the sacrificial death and resurrection of jesus are both remembered and renewed. the term sometimes refers specifically to the consecrated bread and wine that have become the body and blood of christ
filial
having to do with the relationship of a child to his or her parent
heresy
the conscious and deliberate rejection of a truth of the faith by a baptized person of a truth of faith that must be believed
incarnate, incarnation
from the latin meaning to become flesh, referring to the mystery of jesus christ the divine son of god becoming man. this is when jesus became truly man while remaining truly god
last judement
the judgement of the human race by jesus christ at his second coming. it is also called the final judgement
messiah
hebrew word for anointed one the equivalent greek term s christos. jesus is the christ and this because he is the anointed one
nicene creed
the formal statement or profession of christian belief originally formulated at the council of nicaea in 325 and amplified at the council of Constantinople in 381
parables
short stories that use everyday images to communicate religious messages. jesus used them frequently in his teaching as a way of presenting the good news
pentecost
the fiftienth day following easter, which commemorates the descent of the holy spirit on the early apostles and disciples
theotokos
a greek title for mary meaning god bearer
trinity
from the latin trinus, meaning threefold, referring to the central mystery of the christian faith that god exists as a communion of three distinct and interrelated divine persons father son and holy spirit. the doctrine of this is a mystery that is inaccessible to human reason alone and is known through divine revelation only
beatitude
the state of eternal happiness with god in heaven
doctrine
an official authoritative teaching of the church based on the revelation of god
fathers of the church (church fathers)
during the early centuries of the church, those teachers whose writings extended the tradition of the apostles and who continue to be important for the churchs teachings
paraclete
a term meaning advocate or helper, used in the gospel of john to describe the holy spirit, the third divine person of the trinity whom jesus promised to the diciples as an advocate and counselor
reign of god
the rule of god over the hearts of people and as a consequence of that the development of a new social order based on unconditional love. the fullness of gods reign will not be realized until the end of time. also called the kingdom of god
covenant
a personal, solemn promise of faithful love that involves mutual commitmenmts and creates a sacred relationship
monotheism
the belief in and worship of only one god
philosophy
in greek this word literally means love of wisdom, it refers to the study of human existence using logical reasoning
sacred
the quality of being holy, worthy of respect and reverence, set apart from god
soleminites
important holy days in the catholic liturgical calender, such as christmas, easter, pentecost, and all saints day
arianism
jesus is created like us, he is more than human, less than god
nestorianism
jesus is 2 people, one divine, one human
docetism
jesus humanity is just a disguise and on the inside he is fully divine
monophysitism
jesus is only divine and not human
gnosticism
the belief that salvation can only be attained by secret knowledge from god or gods agents
economy
arrangement or made of operation of something, organization a system especially of interaction and change
eu
good
charis
gift
abba
grandfather/father