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You May Ask Yourself Chapter 4: Socialization
Vocabulary from Chapter 4
Terms in this set (31)
The process by which you learn how to become a functioning member of society
The individual identity of a person as perceived by that same person
one's sense of agency, action, or power
The self a perceived as an object by the I. The self as one imagines others perceive one.
Someone or something outside oneself
The Generalized Other
An internalized sense of the total expectations of others in a variety of settings--regardless of whether we've encountered those people or places before.
The Family and Socialization
Primary Unit Of Socialization. Different classes socialize their kids differently. Middle class structures the kid's life. Working class leaves the kid to structure himself/herself.
School and Socialization
Major unit of socialization. Teacher socializes you. Different types of schools impart different values and beliefs onto kids. Prep vs Public. 1st experiences with a formal bureaucracy.
Peers and Socialization
Teach conformity. Reinforce messages taught at home.
Media and Socialization
Serves as a socializer through the content it broadcasts.
the process by which one's sense of social values, beliefs, and norms are reengineered, often deliberately through a intense social process. Can be caused by a change of environment
An institution in which one is totally immersed and that controls all the basics of everyday life. Ex: colleges, prisons, the army. Extreme being a prison
a recognizable social position that an individual occupies.
the duties and behaviors expected of someone who holds a particular status.
Conflicting demands witin the same status Ex: research as a professor vs teaching responsibilities
tension caused by competing demands between two or more roles pertaining to different statuses. Ex: Parent and Professor
All the statuses you have at a given time.
status which one is born into. It's involuntary. Ex: Age, race, and sex
Status into which one enters voluntarily. Voluntary Status.
One status within our status set stands out or overrides all the others.
Sets of behavioral norms assumed to accompany one's status as male or female
A micro-level theory in which shared meanings, orientations, and assumptions form the basic motivations behind people's actions. Useful in understanding cultural differences in social interaction.
The view that social life is essentially a theatrical performance, in which we are all actors on metaphorical stages, with roles, scripts, costumes, and sets.
The esteem in which an individual is held by others. We take this notion very seriously. It is the goal of impression management
this approach to studying human interaction focuses on the ways in which we make sense of our world, convey this understanding to others, and produce a shared social order. Good when studying breaching of social norms
1. Id: Basic, unconscious demand for satisfaction
2. Ego: conscious effort to balance id and society
3. Super Ego: What are culture tells us
People develop in stages.
1. Sensory Motor Stage
2. Preoperational Stage
3. Concrete-operational stage
4. Formal Operation Stage
We create ourselves through interactions with other people
Social Behaviorism:Social experiences creare personality.
The Looking-Glass Self: We see ourselves as others define us.
Preparatory Stage: Children imitate people around them
The Play Stage: Children pretend to be others
The game stage: No more role playing.
the way people react to each other in a particular situation. Takes place within a social structure.
We have self doubt and search for alternative roles
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