a group or young people who pass through various stages together
the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls. Can include animals, trees, plants, etc
People who live in what is now called Ghana, in west africa, and who are known fro their artful weaving and colorful asasia, or kente cloth.
A major African language family. Collective name of a large group of sub-Saharan African languages and of the peoples speaking these languages. Famous for migrations throughout central and southern Africa.
A large waterfall or, a sudden rush of water; a downpour.
A West African storyteller
An early ancestor of humans, An early human being
a negotiator who acts as a link between parties
conquered and ruled Egypt 730-670 BC; worked with iron ore; powerful due to technology and success in trading
relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother
a tract of land used for burials
a member of a people who have no permanent home but move about according to the seasons
belief in multiple Gods
a complex pattern employing more than one rhythm or beat
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
indicating radiation or radioactivity
the most widely spoken Bantu languages
the first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
Any system of social organization made up of villages, bands, or other groups with a common ancestry, language, culture, and name
A people of modern South Africa whom King Shaka united beginning in 1818.
Egyptian pharaoh of the New Kingdom; attempted to establish a one-god religion, replacing the traditional Egyptian pantheon of gods.
Egypt's only female pharaoh
(1304-1369) Morrocan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan. His writings gave a glimpse into the world of that time period.
-Architect of the Step Pyrami
Egyptian pharaoh who built the great pyramid
Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.
(3100? BCE) King of Upper Egypt, united the two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt
A long-lived ruler of New Kingdom Egypt (r. 1290-1224 BCE). He reached an accomodation with the Hittites of Anatolia after a standoff in battle at Kadesh in Syria. He built on a grand scale throughout Egypt.
created Sunni Dynasty; rule lasted 30 years; many military campaigns/victories; conquered Timbuktu and Djenne, which gave Songhai control of trade; focus on trading empire
Lion Prince-overcame physical and emotional problems to become a great leader in West AFrica
..., Pharaoh of Egypt around 1358 BC, youngest pharoh, restored old gods, died at an early age
Name of pharaoh for whom the first pyramid was built, -chief advisor over him was Imhote
A dense tropical evergreen forest with an annual rainfall of at least 100 inches.
a strip of dry grasslands on the southern border of the Sahara; also known as
a desert in southwestern Africa - largely Botswana
an arid region with little or no vegetation
a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
the part of africa south of the saharan desert
great rift valley
4,000 mile long fault line, slices thru eastern part of the contentent Red sea to the zambezi river, series of mts. and valleys formed millions or yrs ago, ferile volcanic soil, hot springs, 2 of the worlds deepest lakes
an ancient Egyptian sect of Christians who believed that Christ was completely divine; not partly human and partly divine