36 terms

Looking At Movies Terms Chapter 4

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Terms in this set (...)

Narration
The act of telling the story of the film.
Narrator
Who or what tells the story of a film.
first-person narrator
Narration by an actual character in the movie.
voice-over
Narration heard concurrently over a scene.
direct-address
A form of narration in which an on-screen character looks and speaks directly to the audience.
third-person narrator
Narration delivered from outside of the diegesis.
omniscient
Providing a third-person view of all aspects of a movie's action or characters.
restricted narration
Providing a view from the perspective of a single character.
narrative
A cinematic structure in which content is selected and arranged in a cause-and-effect sequence of events o
character
Any of the beings who play functional roles within the plot.
goal
A narratively significant objective pursued by the protagonist.
round characters
A complex character possessing a lot of traits.
flat characters
A relatively uncomplicated character exhibiting few distinct traits.
protagonist
The primary character whose pursuit of the goal provides the structural foundation of a movie's story.
obstacles
events, circumstances, and actions that impede a protagonist's pursuit of the goal.
normal world
In a narrative screenplay, the state of character and setting before the inciting incident.
antagonist
The character, creature, or force that obstructs or resists the protagonist's pursuit of their goal.
stakes
In a conventional narrative, that which is at risk as a consequence of the protagonist's pursuit of the goal.
rising action
The development of the action of the narrative toward a climax.
crisis
A critical turning point in a story in which the protagonist must engage a seemingly insurmountable obstacle.
climax
The highest point of conflict in a conventional narrative; the protagonist's ultimate attempt to attain the goal.
resolution
The concluding narrative events that follow the climax and celebrate or otherwise reflect upon story outcomes.
story
In a movie, all the events we see or hear on the screen.
diegesis
The total world of a story-the events, characters, objects, settings, and sounds that form the world in which the story occurs.
diegetic elements
An element- event, character, object, setting, sound- that helps form the world in which the story occurs.
plot
The specific actions and events in the story.
nondiegetic elements
Something that we see and hear on the screen that comes from outside the world of the story.
backstory
A fictional history behind the cinematic narrative that is presented onscreen.
duration
A quantity of time.
real time
The actual time during which something takes place.
surprise
A taking unawares that is potentially shocking.
suspense
the anxiety brought on by partial uncertainty.
repetition
The number of times that a story element recurs in a plot.
familiar image
Any image that a director periodically repeats in a movie (with or without variations) to help stabilize the narrative.
setting
The time and space in which the story takes place.
scope
The overall range of a story.
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