Terms in this set (58)
-a failure of menses to occur by age 16
-inflammation of epididymis
-fringing of the uterine tube at the end
-the duct by which urine is conveyed out of the body from the bladder
-a bending of the penis due to scar tissue build up on one side
-semen comes out through bladder instead of during an orgasm
-lining of uterus is glued to other pelvic structures
Premature ovarian failure
loss of ovarian function before 40
Polycystic ovarian syndrome
hormonal disorder causing enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges
pair of glands that open into the vas deferens near its junction with the urethra and secrete many of the components of semen
gland surrounding the neck of the bladder in male mammals and releasing prostatic fluid
-gland in males that creates pre-ejaculatory fluid
in the testes and produce & store sperm
either of two masses of erectile tissue forming the bulk of the penis and the clitoris
-a mass of erectile tissue alongside the corpora cavernosa of the penis
-discharge of ova or ovules from the ovary
oviducts (fallopian tubes)
-pair of tubules that an egg travels through
-secretes hormones in the ovary
-steroid hormone released by the corpus luteum. Stimulates body to prepare for pregnancy
-steroid hormone that stimulates development of male secondary sexual characteristics (in testes)
any of a group of steroid hormones that promote the development and maintenance of female characteristics of the body
-organ where offspring are conceived and held
Thin Prep Pap Test
-A modified Pap test technique designed to reduce some of the technical problems inherent in the traditional type of Pap smear
-hormone that causes increased contraction of uterus during labor
-condition where one or both testes fail to descend from abdomen
condition where placenta partially or wholly blocks neck of uterus
-the accumulation of serous fluid in a body sac
-a mass of varicose veins in the spermatic cord.
-medical procedure whereby an egg is fertilized by sperm in a test tube
Dilation & Curettage (D & C)
-procedure to remove tissue from inside your uterus
uterus has descended from its normal position in the pelvis farther down into the vagina
the narrow necklike passage forming the lower end of the uterus.
-muscular tube leading from the external genitals to the cervix of the uterus
small sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals
-persistent and painful erection of the penis.
duct that conveys sperm from the testicle to the urethra.
male reproductive fluid
-ceasing of menstruation
-inflammation of penis
Factors that affect male fertility
Factors that affect female fertility
Pathway of ejaculation
-Sperm is expelled from the tail of the epididymis into the deferent dut where the vas deferens join with the seminal vesicle to form the ejaculatory duct which passes through the prostate and into the urethra
How does a sperm allergy happen and how does it affect fertility?
-It is a rare reaction to the protein found in the male's semen
-It does not directly affect fertility
Breakdown of the menstrual cycle:
-Day 1-5: primary follicle develop in the ovary and menstruation occurs in uterus
-Day 6-13: Graafian Follicle matures and endometrium become thicker and many blood vessels develop
-Day 14: Ovulation occurs and endometrium continues to thicken
-Day 15-24: Corpus luteum develops and endometrium repairs and thickens
-Day 25-28: Corpus Luteum degenerates if no fertilization and endometrium begins to breakdown
Effects of an ectopic pregnancy
-Sharp stabbing pain in the pelvis
-Weakness, dizziness or fainting
Effects of a priapism
-Erection lasting more than four hours
-Ridged penile shaft, but tip is soft
Importance of scrotum
-Holds the testes away from the body so that it can maintain a certain temperature lower than body temperature
What happens in the fallopian tubes?
-When ovulation occurs an egg is released from the ovaries and travels through the fallopian tubes this is where fertilization occurs
Once an egg is released, describe what happens.
-When an egg is released it moves from the ovaries into the fallopian tubes
What factors can attribute to priapisms?
When blood gets trapped in the erection chamber
-May affect men with a blood disorder
Discuss male menopause.
Age-related hormone level changes in men, it is a drop of testosterone production inmen who are 50 and older
What is andrology?
-The branch of physiology and medicine that deals with diseases and conditions specific to men
What happens in the ovaries?
-Two main reproductive functions: produce eggs and produce reproductive hormones
Male sexual health factors
-Physical activity level
Cancers affecting male reproductive organs.
Cancers affecting female reproductive organs.