54 terms

STAAR Review


Terms in this set (...)

(Southern Colony) It was founded in 1607 by the London Company to find gold.
(New England Colony) It was founded in 1620 by Seperatist Pilgrims for religious freedom.
Massachusetts Bay
(New England Colony) It was founded in 1630 by Puritans for religious freedom.
Rhode Island
(New England Colony) It was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams and his supporters for religious freedom and seperation of church from state after a disagreement with Massachusetts Bay.
(New England Colony) It was founded in 1635 by Thomas Hooker and his followers for political and religious freedom after a disagreement with Massachusetts Bay.
New Hampshire
(New England Colony) It was founded in 1692 by John Mason for farming.
New York
(Middle Colony) It was founded by the Dutch for trade and furs and became an English Colony in 1664.
New Jersey
(Middle Colony) It was founded in 1664 for farming and trade.
(Southern Colony) It was founded by Lord Baltimore and other Catholics for religious freedom.
(Middle Colony) It was founded by William Penn and some other Quakers for religious freedom.
(Middle Colony) It was founded in 1776.
The Carolinas
(Southern Colony) It was founded by supporters of Charles II for farming and trade. It later split into North and South Carolina.
(Southern Colony) It was founded by James Oglethorpe for relief for poor English and as a buffer between Spanish Florida and The Carolinas.
Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness are rights that are considered? Unalienable
Mercantilist policies create tensions between Great Britain and the colonies because they
preventing colonists from trading with most other countries
What encouraged immigrants to settle in the northern states over the southern states during the mid-nineteenth century?
Northern states had more industries, factories, and jobs.
Southern states had less job opportunities.
Excessive fines,
Excessive bail,
Cruel and unusual punishment cannot be inflicted.
8th Amendment to the US Constitution (Bill of Rights).
The Erie Canal played a key role in the development of
New York City becoming a vital commercial center
Phases of Industrial Development in Mid 1800
Development Expands -->
Cities Grow and are overpopulated -->
Crime increases -->
Reform movements address social problems.
The Whiskey Rebellion began due to
a tax on whisky, and was the first serious challenge to federal authority (big government authority)
Maryland, Connecticut, and Rhode Island were all founded primarily for
Religious Freedoms
Federalist wanted
A strong Federal Government.
(National Government)
Federalist sought to ratify the Constitution to
Set up a strong federal government.
1832 Nullification Crisis
The convention declared that the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and unenforceable within the state of South Carolina
Main question around the 1832 Nullification Crisis?
Could the states overturn Federal Laws (made by Congress)
Large-scale cultivation (farming) of cotton in the South would lead to
soil exhaustion, and bad crops
John Hancock know for
His big signature on the Deceleration of Independence
Why did Chinese Immigrants come to the US in the Mid 1800s
Gold Rush
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press.
1st Amendment
Right to bear arms
2nd Amendment
19th Century (1800s) Industrial technologies affected US businesses by
Increased production (making of goods) and increased competition
Why did the population increase in the Mid 1800s (19th Century).
Increase in immigrants in search for factory jobs, and the Gold Rush
Battle of Saratoga was apart of which war?
American Revolution
What was significant about the Battle of Saratoga
US victory lead to France to support American in the war.
What did the Federalist Papers suggest?
Citizens rights would be better protected by a strong federal government AND state level of governments.
When did the US gain the Organ territory and from whom?
Great Britain
What issue caused the development Americas first Political Parties?
The establishment of the First Bank of the US
George Washington's Farewell Address
Cautioned against Political Parties
and Proposed to stay out of European Affairs
Reason the US declared war against Mexico in 1846?
To defend the Texas Territory against Mexico.
Northwest Ordinance
Passed to make sure that the land in the Northwest territory was settled in a peaceful and orderly way.
Effects of the Northwest Ordinance
Set up a process for the territories to govern themselves.
The Mayflower Compact
The first governing document of Plymouth Colony.
Virginia House of Burgesses
The first legislative assembly of elected representatives in North America
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Early colonial Constitution that established a rule of law that governed the towns in Connecticut
Three Fifths Compromise
Allowed the South to gain political influence
Marbury v. Madison
Established Judicial Review (allowed the Supreme Court declare laws passed by Congress Unconstitutional.
Deceleration of Independence
List of grievances (complaints) (Written in our current Bill of Rights)
Fugitive Slave Act
Allowed the Abolitionist Movement to gain momentum.
Articles of Confederation needed ______ states to pass a amendment.
9 (making it hard to govern)
You must take the Oath of Allegiance to become a _________.
Naturalized US Citizen
When the North became more industrialized what increased?
Tensions over sectionalism
(vast difference between the North and the South)
Los Angeles
Was a former Spanish Colony
What industry increased with the movement of people due to Manifestdestiny
Agriculture and Mining
(Gold Rush = Gold Mines)
One reason for European Exploration
To claim new territory
Find new sea routes
Gold God Glory