Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Head and Neck Pathology
Terms in this set (87)
What is acellular tissue?
What is cellular tissue with tubules?
What ligament attaches the tooth to the jaw?
Caries (tooth decay) --> focal degredation of tooth structure caused by mineral dissolution by acid metabolic end products from what?
Fermental oral bacteria sugars
Fluorides make the enamel resistant to degredation by forming what?
What is the cause of gingivitis?
Poor dental hygiene
What thing can accumulate in gingivitis?
What 3 things accumulate in dental plauque?
Desquamated epithelial cells, normal oral flora and salivary protein
What is a calculus formation?
What 4 clinical presentations with gingivitis?
Bleeding, edema, redness and loss of soft tissue adaptation to teeth
Gingivitis is severe in whom? But can occur when?
Adolescents, but can occur at any age
What are 3 prevents of gingivitis?
Flossing, brushing, hygienist visits
What 2 things can cause swollen gums?
Phentoyin and AML5 (monoblastic leukemia)
Peridontitis is inflammation of what 3 things? Can lead to what?
Alveolar bone, periodontal ligament and cementum, leads to tooth loss
What are 2 causative organisms of periodontitis?
Actinobacillus and actinomyocytes
What 4 things is periodontitis associated with?
Neutropenia, AIDS, diabetes and leukemia
What 3 things does periodontitis cause?
Pulmonary abscess, infective endocarditis, and brain abscess
Pyogenic granuloma --> pyogenic granuloma, erythmatous, hemorrhagic and exophytic mass from where? Common when?
Looks like what tissue?
Common in pregnancy
Looks like granuloma tissue
Apthous ulcers --> single ulceration with an erythmatous hallow surrounding what membrane?
Is it painful?
What is the cause?
Associated with what?
Yellow fibropurulent membrane
Cause is unknown
Associated with stress
What is glossitis? It is not true inflammation but what?
Large beefy tongue
What deficiency is seen with glossitis?
What other deficiencies?
What other condition?
What secondary thing can occur?
Vitamin B12 deficiency
Other vitamin deficiencies
What 2 syndromes with glossitis?
Kawasaki and Plummer Vinson Syndrome
What is macroglossitis?
What can macroglossitis cause in children?
What can macroglossitis cause in adults?
Herpes simplex virus can cause what?
What is the most common herpes virus infection?
What lesions can herpes virus produce? Is it reccurent
Vesicular lesions, yes
What type of candida is common?
What is risk factor for candida?
What 2 conditions are common with candida?
AIDS and diabetes
What can be done to the tongue with candida?
What is measles associated with?
Diptheria --> what characteristic color? Membrane is over what 2 places?
dirty white color
tonsils and pharynx
Erythma multiform --> maculopapular, vesiculobulbous eruption that follows what? Ingestion of what?
Development of what? Or what disease?
When it involves the lips and oral cavity what is it called?
Inflammation, ingestion of drugs
development of cancer, collagen vascular disease
Steven Johnson syndrome
Monocytic leukemia --> leukemic infiltration and enlargement of what?
Often with accompanying what?
enlargement of gingiva
Phentoyin (dilantin) ingestion --> fibrous enlargement of what?
Pregnancy --> a friable, red pyogenic granuloma protruding from what?
Rondue-osler-weber syndrome --> autosomal dominant disorder with multiple congenital aneurysmal telangiectasia beneath mucosal surfaces of what 2 places?
Oral cavity and lips
Hairy leukopenia is seen in what patients?
Hairy leukopenia is seen on what part of the tongue?
Lateral border of the tongue
Can hairy leukopenia be scraped off?
Hairy leukoplakia is caused by what virus?
Leukoplakia is thickening of what? Pre what?
What part of tongue?
What 2 places?
Can it be scraped off?
Thickening of epithelium
Ventral surface of tongue
Gingiva and palate
Cannot be scraped off
Erythroplakia --> dysplastic lesion with what 2 things?
Inflammation and vasodilation
What 3 things cause squamous cell carcinoma?
alcohol, tobacco and HPV
Squamous cell carcinoma --> loss of what 2 chromosomal regions?
Mutuation of what results in dysplasia?
More deletions causes what?
3p and 9p21
mutation in p53 results in dysplasia
More mutations causes malignancy
What are 4 types of rhinitis?
Allergic, viral, chronic and nasal polyps
Nasal polyps --> hyperplastic glands with what?
Caused by what?
Caused by recurrent rhinitis
Sinusitis caused by what 2 things?
tooth decay and rhinitis
What type of organism causes sinusitis?
What type of organism in diabetics causes sinusitis?
Sinusitis is a component of what syndrome?
Kartegener (defective cilia, Broncho, situs inversus, and sinusitis)
Sinusitis is a component of what other disease?
Wegners (sinusitis, pneumocytosis, and glomerulitis)
What are 3 necrotizing lesions of the nose and upper airway?
Extranodal NK, wegeners and mucormycosis
What are 5 viral organisms that cause inflammatory lesions in the nasopharynx?
Echo, adeno, rhino, RSV and influenza
What are 2 bacterial agents that cause lesions in the nasopharynx?
B-hemolytic Strep and staph
What 2 HPV cause squamous papillomas? (low risk)
HPV 6 and 11
Squamous papilloma --> Benign with what epithelium?
Nasopharyngeal cancer --> common in what 2 continents?
Children and adults where?
What is found in tumor cells?
Africa and Asia
Children in Africa and adults in Asia
EBV found in tumor cells
Nasopharyngeal cancer --> what cells embedded in lymphoid background?
Squamous cells (keratinized and non-keritanized)
NUT midline carcinomas --> what 2 types of abnormalities?
Translocation and fusion
What 2 fusion genes in NUT midline carcinomas?
Is it aggressive?
Can occur in nasopharynx salivary gland midline what 2 places?
Chromatic regulatory and chromatin reader (BRD4)
Abdomen and thorax
Laryngitis is seen with what substance and what part of tract?
Is it self limited?
URT and tobacco smoking
Laryngitis --> in children --> what 2 organisms?
H. influenza and B-hemolytic strep
Reactive nodules/polyps --> in whom?
What happens to vocal cords?
What progressive condition?
Is it premalignant
Vocal cords are strained
What are squamous cell carcinomas like in adults?
In children what are squamous cell carcinomas like? Linked to what 2 HPVs?
What vocal cords?
Micro shows what epithelium on fibrovascular papillary cores?
Multiple, HPV 6 and 11
True vocal cords
Stratified squamous epithelium
What are 4 types of carcinomas of the larynx?
Hyperplasia, dysplasia, carcinoma in situ, and invasive
What is a risk factor for carcinomas of the larynx?
What clinical picture for carcinomas of the larynx
What are 3 parts of the late clinical picture for carcinoma of the larynx?
Dysphagia, pain, and hemoptysis
Bronchial cyst --> what arch remnant?
2nd arch remnant
Thyroglossal duct cyst --> remnant of what?
Thyroid development tract
Paraganglioma --> what tumor? What body? What 2 systems?
Neuroendocrine tumor, carotid body, parasympathetic and sympathetic systems
Mumps predominantly what gland? What virus?
In children is there a sequale? In adults, what 2 conditions?
Parotid gland, RNA virus, no sequale in children, in adults orchitis and pancreatitis
Bacterial sialadenitis --> what 3 causes?
Strep viridans, staph aureas and sialothiasis
Autoimmune Sjogren's syndrome --> what risks? What 2 antibodies? What antibody for the intrauterine heart block of fetus?
Lymphoid risks, anti-LA and anti-Rho antibodies
Anti-Rho for intrauterine heart block
What is pleomorphicadenoma?
Commonly in what gland?
Does it recur?
Mixed salivary gland tumor
Pleomorphic adenoma --> mixture of what 2 things?
epithelium cells and myxoid connective tissue
Warthin tumor --> is it benign? 2nd most common what?
Arises in what gland? What age range? In whom?
benign, second most common salivary gland tumor
arises in parotid gland
Age 40-60, smokers
Warthin tumor --> encapsulated masses with cystic spaces filled with what?
Papillary structure is lined by a double later of what cells and what stroma?
EM shows what organelles?
What recurrence rate?
filled with secretions
oncytic cells and lymphoid stroma
EM shows mitochondria
Low recurrence rate
What is the most common malignant salivary tumor?
majority in what gland?
What is the gross appearance
Micro shows what types of cells in varying differentiation?
behavior depends on what?
Majority in parotid gland
Poorly demarcated, mucinous, large
Squamous, intermediate and mucous cells
behavior depends on grade
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma with islands having squamous cells and clear cells containing what?
Mucicarmine stains the mucin what color?
Stains it red
Pleomorphic adenoma, warthin tumor, oncytoma, basal cell adenoma, and canalicular adenoma what type?
Adenoid cystic carcinoma, malignant mixed tumor, squamous cell carcinoma, other carcinomas --> what type?
Sets found in the same folder
The Liver and its Diseases
Diseases of the Exocrine
Pathology of the Esophagus
Pathology of the Stomach
Other sets by this creator
Large Intestinal Pathology
Small Intestine Pathology
Other Quizlet sets
Review for Midterm