Unit 5 /6 Study Guide
Terms in this set (38)
What is the 26th Amendment?
It gives all 18 year olds the right to vote in elections.
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?
To protect the personal freedoms that were fought for in the American Revolution. It was added because the Anti-Federalists would not ratifiy the Constitution without it.
Why is freedom of the press so important to our democratic government?
It keeps citizens informed about the government and it keeps the government from being the only source of information.
What was the impact of the 14th Amendnent?
Said that states must give all "equal protection of the laws".
What is bail?
A sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his/her trial.
What is "due process" of the law?
Must follow a set of established legal procedures.
What rights are contained in the 6th Amendment?
Everyone has the right to a fair and public trail by jury, done in a proper amount of time, right to legal councel (lawyer), right to confront accusers.
What rights are contained in the 4th Amendment?
Search and seizure-person's personal belongings cannot be searched without probable cause.
Which amendment gave woment the right to vote in national elections?
What does the word suffrage mean?
The right to vote.
Where in the constitution can our civil liberties be found?
The Bill of Rights.
What are the steps to amend the Constitution?
2/3 of both houses of Congress propose and 3/4 of the state legislatures ratify.
Why is the Constitution difficult to change?
Because it needs overwealming support (3/4 of state legislatures need to ratify)
What is the Voting Rights of 1965 and who was impacted?
Enforced the 24th Amendment. Banned race discrimination practices in voting. States could no longer put up barriers (literacy tests, poll taxes) to keep racial minorities from voting.
What are the benefits of free speech?
A more informed society.
What is civil disobedience?
A public, conscientious breach of the law to bring about a change in law or public policy.
What rights are contained in the 5th Amendment?
The right to remain silent; you don't have to testify against yourself. Cannot be deprived of Due Process of the Law. No double jeapordy. You cannot be tried for a serious crime without an indictment. Protects property rights using eminent domain.
What is the 13th Amendment?
It officially ended slavery.
What is the 14th Amendment?
Defined what a citizen was, equal protection of the law (reinforces due process for state courts), describes rights of each citizen.. Took away the 3/5 statement.
What is the 15th Amendment?
States that race cannot be a qualification for voting.
What is the 19th Amendment?
Gave women the right to vote in elections.
What is the 24th Amendment?
Made any tax (poll tax) to vote illegal.
What is the 26th Amendment?
Gave all 18 to 21 year olds the right to vote in elections.
What is the 1st Amendment?
Freedom of religion, assembly, press, petition, and speech.
What is the 2nd Amendment?
The right to bear arms (own guns).
What is the 3rd Amendment?
No quartering of troops (don't have to let soldiers live in your house).
What is the 7th Amendment?
The right to a trial by jury in a civil case.
What is the 8th Amendment?
No excessive fines or bail, no cruel or unusual punishment.
What is the 9th Amendment?
All other rights not listed in the Constitution are retained by the people.
What is the 10th Amendment?
Any powers not stated in the Constitution are reserved for the states or the people.
The right of the government to take private property for public use.
Being tried twice for the same crime.
Lawsuits involving disagreemets rather than crimes.
Court order allowing police to search private property and gather evidence.
The freedom to think and act without government interference. Protected by the Bill of Rights.
A fee paid in order to vote.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Ended racial segregation in public places, banned employment discrimination, create more economic opportunities for minorities
Civil Rights Act of 1968
Prohibits housing discrimination
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