World History Mid-Term Part 2
Terms in this set (18)
The American colonists objected to the tax mainly because
They were being taxed without representation in Parliament
The English pilopher John Locke argued that life, liberty, and property are
Natural rights that should be protected by government
The basic principle of Thomas Hobbes revolved around the idea that people would
Give up individual liberty for social order and safety
John Locke believed that people had
Natural rights with which a ruler cannot interfere
The enlightenment philosophers based their ideas about government on
Classical Greece and Rome
How did the Magna Carta (1215) contribute to the development of the English government?
It limited the power of the monarchy
Thomas Jefferson based the Declaration of Independance largely on the ideas of
The Declaration of Independance stated that all powers of government should come from the
The ideas of which two enlightenment philophers can be found in the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution?
Locke and Montesquieu
Montesquieu beleived that the best way to protect people's liberty was
To separate the power of government among three branches
In the Social Contract, Rousseau argued that
People must support their government
A government in which the powers of a King or Queen are limited by written laws is called
What was a fundamental belief of most of the Enlightenment philosophers that influenced democratic revolutions around the world?
People have certain natural rights that gvernments must not deny
Which philosopher believed that man was incapable of self-rule and therefore absolute monarchy was necessary?
Which of hte following best explains the Glorious Revolution?
The people overthrow the monarch in a bloodless transfer of power
The Baron de Montesquieu believed the best government would have
A system of checks and balances
During the period known as the enlightenment, people came to believe that progress would come about if societies were ruled by
The following is not an Enlightenment idea
People find happiness by accepting life as it is