Monarchs of Europe
Chapter 4 1500-1800
Terms in this set (36)
A ruler whose power it not limited by having to consult with the nobles or the common people or their representatives.
Belief that monarchs received their power from God and therefore must not be challenged.
a monarchy limited by certain laws
Was a devout Catholic and Spanish ruler who saw himself as a leader of the Counter-reformation. A chance to spread Catholicism came when he married Queen Mary I of England who was also a Catholic
Sister Juana Ines de la Cruz
Mexican writer who believed women had a right to education
Greek painter famous for his religious works and whose style features elongated human figures
Holy Roman Emperor whose empire was so vast the "sun never set" over it
Miguel de Cervantes
Writer who penned Don Quixote de la Mancha
Peace of Augsburg
This treaty forced Charles V to allow each German prince the right to decide whether his state would be Catholic or Protestant signed in 1755
English Protestants of the late 1500s and most of the 1600s who wanted to "purify" the church of England through reforms
St Bart Day Massacre
Aug 24, 1572. a massacre of 6,000 to 8,000 Huguenots in Paris authorized by King Charles IX and his mother Catherine de Medici
He was the King of France (1553-1610) that issued the Edict of Nantes
Edict of Nantes
This gave the protestants (Hugenots) limited freedom of worship, so they could live peacefully in France and were free to establish houses of worship in select French cities. This was to restore peace to France regarding the wars of religion in France, for a while.
Who was Louis XIII advisor that helped Louis XIII strengthen the French monarchy by reducing the power of the Hugenots, uncovering revolts planned by the nobles, and entering the Thirty Years' War.
Reigned as an absolute monarch in France; he created elaborate rituals to emphasize his power, revoked the Edict of Nantes, and built a fabulous palace at Versailles.
Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty that ended the War of the Spanish Succession and, while it put Louis XIVs grandson on the throne of Spain, but also stated that France and Spain would never be ruled by the same monarch.
Thirty Year War
war that lasted from 1618 to 1648 that devastated Germany
transfer of power to William III and Mary II
a great fleet of 130 ships and 20,000 men assembled by Spain in 1588 that tried to invade England
Supporters of Charles I
A city founded by Peter the Great to get water to ports
landowners who ran Russia before czar
Catherine the Great
Took power from her husband. Made the monarchy stronger and reformed Russia.
Took the throne of Holy Roman Empire
Frederick the Great
King of Prussia (1740-1786). Through his victories in a series of wars with Africa, Prussia's main rival for dominance among the German states. He made Prussia a major European power in the late 1700s.
Bringing western culture and ideas to another culture
Emperor of Russia
First Czar of Russia. Created a general council and a new legal code. Expanded Russia's territory into the Volgo River. Became crazy and killed thousands for thinking they were conspiring against him.
1688 nonviolent revolution in which leaders of Britain's parliament invited Mary daughter of King James II and her husband the Dutch ruler William of Orange to replace King James II.
Peter the Great
Transform Russia like western Europe.
Treaty of Westphalia
Ended the Thirty year war
Period of reign of Charles II in England when the monarchy was restered after the collapse of Oliver Cromwell's government. Also a rebirth of English culture during his time.
Dutch refused allegiance to Phillip to punish them he sent an army under the command of the Duke of Alta
King of France (1610-1643) a relatively weak ruler, he let his chief advisor Cardinal Richelieu hold great sway during his reign.