TEEN PEP second packet
Terms in this set (45)
polycystic ovarian syndrome
hormonal disorder causing enlarged ovaries with small cysts on outer edges
premature ovarian failure
loss of ovarian function before age 40/ failure to produce normal amounts of estrogen or release eggs
precancerous condition which abnormal cell growth occurs on lining of cervix or endocervical canal
the lining of the uterus is glued to other pelvic structures
most frequently seen tumors of female reproductive system. 30-77% of women will develop fibroids during their child-developing years
growths attached to inner wall of uterus (stems from an overgrowth of cells in the uterine lining). they are usually benign but can become precancerous
pelvic inflammatory disease
an infection of a woman's reproductive organs. often caused by chlamydia, gonorrhea, and other infections that are not sexually transmitted
menstrual periods with abnormally heavy or prolonged bleeding
when a baby's placenta covers the mothers cervix (can cause severe bleeding during pregnancy)
when the placenta covers the opening of the cervix
when a fertilized egg attaches itself to a place other than the uterus. almost all ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tube. the egg cannot function properly and must be treated. (occurs in one out of 50 pregnancies)
why would a female have an ultrasound performed?
to detect changes or abnormal masses. physicians may use it as a diagnostic tool (screening for disease, assess abdominal pain, guide a needle biopsy, pregnancy, and more)
why would a male or female undergo a laparoscopy?
because it is a minimally invasive surgery. doctors use it for gallbladder surgery, gynecology operations, for the intestines, liver, and more
what cancers affect the female reproductive system?
cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancer
what is the difference between PCOS and POF?
polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is when the ovaries secrete abnormally high amounts of androgen (male hormones) that cause ovulation problems.Premature ovarian failure (POF) occurs when there is a high level FSH (follicle stimulating hormones). occurs when the bodys own antibodies "burn out" the eggs and ovaries
what is involved in in vitro fertilization?
IVF involves combining eggs and sperm outside the body by scientists. once an embryo/embryos form, they are placed inside the uterus
where can ectopic pregnancy occur? why is it a serious condition? why does it happen?
almost all ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tube (tubal pregnancies). the fertilized egg cannot develop properly and must be treated fallopian tubes cannot hold a growing embryo. reasons for an ectopic pregnancy cannot be determined
what conditions lead to fertility issues?
most common causes include ovulation issues, damage to fallopian tubes, uterus, or problems with the cervix. with age, a woman's fertility naturally decreases
what conditions do birth control pills help?
-regulation of menstrual periods
-decreased menstrual cramps
-lowered risk of amnia
- lowered risk for some cancers
why would a tilted uterus affect reproductive health?
it usually does not affect a womans ability to conceive. conditions are associated with endometriosis, PID, and fibroids
what is a surrogate mother and how much does it cost? what country has been in the news as a "surrogate business"?
a woman who bears a child on behalf of another woman, either from her own egg fertilized by the other womans partner, or from the implantation in her uterus of a fertilized egg from the other woman. costs $90,000-$130,000. India has been in the news regarding surrogate mothers
when a female stops menstruating, how is her skeleton system affected?
her skeletal system becomes more fragile/ bones are more likely to break
why is good cervical health essential to pregnancy?
the cervix is what keeps the uterus closed and holds the baby until it is time to go into labor
what conditions can be attributed to heavy bleeding and menstrual pain?
-birth control (IUD)
when the prostate becomes swollen, tender, and inflamed. it is not cancer but it is different from an enlarged prostate
when during ejaculation, semen is directed to the urinary bladder (semen should be ejaculated via the urethra)
when a testicle rotates, twisting the spermatic cord that brings blood to the scrotum
swelling of the foreskin, or head of the penis. affects roughly 1 in 20 males and largely occurs in uncircumcised men
when uncircumcised boys are able to pull the foreskin back from the head of the penis. (may not retract completely)
when the foreskin gets stuck behind the head of the penis
birth defect where the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis instead of the tip
when the veins become enlarged inside your scrotum
development of fibrous scar tissue that caused curved, painful erection
persistent and painful erection of the penis
when a man cant get or keep an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse
affects a persons ability to achieve and maintain an erection, or achieve ejaculation
generally refers to undescended or or maldescended testis
benign prostatic hyperplasia
scientific term for an enlarged prostate. can cause urination issues/difficulty
what is considered during semen analysis?
it analyzes the health and viability of a mans sperm
-shape of sperm
-movement of sperm (sperm motility)
what types of cancer affect the male reproductive system? which cancers have more of an impact on young men compared to older men? how are cancers treated?
testicular, penile, and prostate are more common in older males. can be treated with surgery, radiation, and hormone therapy
what is the difference between BPH and prostate cancer? what are the symptoms?
in BPH area of the prostate around the urethra grows in size and obstructs the urethra. prostate cancer begins in the peripheral zone of the prostate, away from the urethra
which reproductive disorders affect fertility?
-abnormal sperm production or function
-problems with the delivery of sperm
-overexposure to certain environmental factors
-damage related to cancer and its treatment
which reproductive disorders are congenital?
female reproductive system
male reproductive system