Terms in this set (57)
what was the status of europe heading into Exploration?
adventure and curiosity, helped drive exploration
what were the reasons for exploration?
Gold, God, Glory
which reason for exploration was the most important?
What enables europeans to explore?
new technology: carvel had triangular sails, navigation instruments, compass, astrolabe
what country had early power in exploration?
who was the driving force behind exploration in Portugal?
What Portuguese explorers would help establish a sea trading route to Africa?
Dias and Gama
what goods were abundant in Southeast Asia? What was another name for this area?
silk; Spice Islands
Under what dynasty would china became a powerful country?
What caused trading policies to change in Japan?
europeans were disrupting trade, Japan shut the door on trade, created closed country policy.
how did the chinese view their society?
as the cultural center of the universe
What is the closed country policy?
policy which limited who could trade with the chinese
What nations still traded after the closed country policy was put in place?
What was columbus' plans for finding a trading route for spain?
to find a route to the east by sailing west
What did columbus find instead?
How did columbus and many other Native americans?
found over religion and land; were not friendly
where did the name america come from?
Amerigo Vespucci, who realized that the americas were a "new world".
What did explorers like Cortes and Pizzarro looking for?
looking to claim land for for spain, search for gold
how would spain protect its colonies?
what economic system would Spain use in the New World?
encomienda which was a work system where the natives would work for the Spanish.
What area did the dutch control? How did they loose it?
controlled new netherland. English outed the Dutch
What problem would countries like france and the netherlands face with colonization?
fighting over control in north america
what was the Europeans relationship with the natives like?
were not friendly and fought with the natives over land and religion, therefore warfare increased
what was the relation between the French and Dutch
and the Natives like?
had decent relationships with the natives and they both saw the benefits of fur trade
when did slavery begin in the americas?
describe the slave history in africa.
slavery had already existed in Africa for centuries, Islam was the cause of slavery to spread
why was there such a large demand for African labor?
Disease, farming, landscape, characteristics, skin colour
what was the atlantic slave trade?
buying and selling of africans for work in the americas
who would lead the way for slavery in the americas?
spain and portugal
who would dominate the slave trade by 1690? what was happening to slave population by this time?
england. the slave population was growing from importation and having children
how did the institution of slavery change in the americas?
started with farming- existed from egypt to india- race being a factor- associated with inferiority and became hereditary.
how did african rulers and merchants contribute to the slave trade?
traded africans to europeans for gold, guns, and other goods
what was the triangular trade?
a transatlantic trading network along witch slaves and other goods were carried between Europe, Africa, and the Americas
what is the middle passage?
voyage of that brought captured africans to the west indies and later to the americas
what was the life of a slave like?
harsh. slaves were auctioned off to the highest bidder, they worked in mines or field, or as servants, they had little food, had poor living conditions, their families were broken
How did the slave trade affect Africa?
numerous generations lost their fittest members, families were broken apart, and guns were introduced to Africa.
How did the slave trade affect america?
gave economic and cultural development, the labor helped some colonies survive, and it created cultural impact that is still present today.
what were some effects of the colonization of America?
there was a huge migration of people, new trade items, new societies, and new businesses arose here
what was the columbian exchange?
the global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of Americas
what were some goods that were exchanged to europe?
squash, corn, turkey, vanilla, pumpkin, potato, tobacco
what were some goods that were exchanged to the americas?
disease, livestock, trnip, onion, grapes, sugar cane, grains
what was a positive effect of the columbian exchange?
new sources of food and nutrition for the americas and europe
what was one negative effect of the columbian exchange?
disease was brought to the america's and killed many people
what did the establishment of colonial empires and new wealth from the americas prompt?
new businesses and trade practices and would change the face of europe
what is capitalism?
economic system based on private ownership and investment of recources like money for profit.
what group of people would gain considerable wealth from overseas trade?
what is inflation?
increase in the prices of goods
what is one factor that leads to inflation?
decrease in the value of money caused by increasing wealth
what does it mean to have a favorable balance of trade?
to sell more goods than what you bought
what do colonies provide for their mother countries?
raw materials and new markets
what is the commercial revolution?
increase in goods, expansion of trade business transformed europeans economies in 16th and 17th centuries
what were the effects of European exploration?
- exploration- new land- interdependence emerges- atlantic slave trade- exploited- columbian exchange- emerge of new economic policies- global economy
What does it mean if many european country's economies become interdependent?
economies are tied together and if there is a change in one economy there is a change in all; a change in one os a change in all
what were the trading practices of europe?
wanted people to follow the rules, pay tribute, and keep the peace
What area in the Americas was controlled by the french?
What area in the Americas was controlled by Spain?
central and southwest U.S.
What area in the Americas was controlled by Britain?
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