40 terms

APLC Rhetoric Devices sets 1-4

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Concrete Nouns
Nouns that are tangible physical objects
Abstract Nouns
Nouns that are not tangible
Voice
Words that reflect the personality of the author/speaker who wrote the text
Rhetoric
Effective language use and/or persuasive writing
Thesis
Usually in persuasive papers and is the point the author will argue for (AKA a Claim)
Extended Metaphor
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unrelated things, but share some common characteristics which implies something
Denotation
the strict definition of a word
Connotation
A secondary definition often associated with a word
Conflict
A struggle within the text (internal or external)
Propaganda
Spreading an idea, information or rumors that could either be false or correct in order to influence society
Aristotelian Triangle
known as the rhetorical triangle, it involves the relationship between the audience, the speaker, and the subject, appealing to them with ethos, logos, and pathos
Audience
part of the rhetorical triangle which tells the speaker who they are speaking or writing to
Speaker
Part of the rhetorical triangle which tells who is speaking or writing "the narrator"
Analogy
A comparison drawn between two things in order to gain a better understanding of one of them
Point of View
the perspective from which the narrator tells the story
Anecdote
A short narrative or story that has an interesting and amusing nature intended to make readers listen and laugh
Persuasion
the art of effectively making someone do something or believe something
Mood
the way a text is used to impact the reader's emotion or state of mind
Characterization
a way of introducing and expressing a character by using details
Atmosphere
the feeling or sensation created by various settings, situations, and tones
Persona
a voice or assumed role of a speaker through which the writer wants his or her words to be presented
Allegory
a figure of speech in which abstract ideas or principals are explained through comparison
Ambiguity
A word, phrase, or statement that has more than one meaning or interpretation
Prose
A type of writing that is closest to everyday speech patterns
Ad Hominem
An argument that attacks the opponent rather than the actual issue of said argument
Polemic
a strong verbal or written attack against someone or something
Allusion
a brief reference to a person, place, or thing that the reader is expected to know
Protagonist
The main character
Antagonist
a character or group of characters who stand in opposition to the main character
Archetype
A typical character, action, or situation that seems to represent universal patterns of human nature
Paradox
a statement that appears to be self-contradictory but may include a latent truth
Hyperbole
an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis
Exposition
used to introduce background information about events, characters, or setting to the audience
Juxtaposition
When two or more words, ideas, places, characters, or actions are placed side by side for the purpose of comparing and contrasting
Realism
the faithful representation of reality within a text
Foil
A character that shows qualities that are in contrast with the qualities of another character with the objective of highlighting the traits of said character
Foreshadow
A literary device in which the author gives an advanced, subtle hint as to what is to come later in the story
Synecdoche
A literary device in which a part of something represents the whole
Genres
they type of art, literature, or music characterized by a specific form, content, and style
Motif
an object or idea that repeats itself throughout a literary work