AP Human Geography Rubenstein Chapter 5
Terms in this set (30)
Creole (or creolized) language
A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
A language that was once use by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
Language family including the Germanic and Romance languages that is spoken by about 50% of the world's people.
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family.
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
A language that is written as well as spoken.
Speaking only one language.
Speaking two languages.
Speaking several languages.
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
Place names given to certain features on the land such as settlements, terrain features, and streams.
A combination of Deutsch (the German word for German) and English).
A language spoken in daily use with a literary tradition that is not widely distributed.
A dialect spoken by some African Americans.
A combination of francais and anglais (the French words for French and English respectively).
A language used in education, work, mass media, and government.
A symbol that represents a word rather than a sound.
Received Pronunciation (RP)
The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.
A combination of Spanish and English spoken by Hispanic Americans.
A subdivision of a dialect.
A language spoken in daily use but that lacks a literary tradition.
A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.