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48 terms

Chapter 7; Bone Tissue

STUDY
PLAY
___ is the tissues and organs of the skeletal system.
Bone Tissue
Bone Tissue is the histology of ____.
Osseous Tissue
____- the study of the bone
Osteology
____- composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments.
Skeletal System
The ____ forms the strong, flexible framework of the body.
Skeletal System
In the skeletal system, ___ is the forerunner of most bones.
Cartilage
____ covers many joint surfaces of mature bone.
Cartilage
____- hold bones together at the joints.
Ligaments
____- attach muscle to bone.
Tendons
____(____)- connective tissue with the matrix hardened by calcium phosphate and other minerals.
Bone (Osseous Tissue)
____ or ____- the hardening process of the bone.
Mineralization or Calcification
Individual bones consist of ____ tissue, ____, ____, ____ tissue, ____ tissue, and ____ tissue.
Bone, Bone Marrow, Cartilage, Adipose Tissue, Nervous Tissue, and Fibrous Connective Tissue
Bone is made out of what type of tissue?
Connective Tissue
Bone is permeated with ____ and ___, which assists to its sensitivity and metabolic activity.
Nerves and Blood Vessels
Shapes of Bones:
____- longer than wide
Long Bones
Shape of Bones:
____- protect soft organs
Flat Bones
Shape of Bones:
_____- elaborate shapes that don't fit into the other categories.
Irregular Bones
Shape of Bones:
_____- rigid levers acted upon by muscles
Long Bones
Shape of Bones:
____- Equal in length and width
Short Bones
Shape of Bones:
____- curved but wide and thin
Flat Bones
Shape of Bones:
____- glide across one another in multiple directions
Short Bones
Bones of the ____ & ____ are a type of short bone.
Wrist and Ankle
The ____ bone is a short bone.
Capitate
Your ____, ____, ____, and bones of the ____ are all types of flat bones.
Shoulder Blade, Scapula, Sternum, and Bones of the Skull
The ____, ____, and ____ are all types of long bones.
Femur, Ulna, and Radius
Your ____ and ___ is a type of irregular bone.
Sphenoid and Vertebrae
____ (____)- cylinder of compact bone to provide leverage.
Diaphysis (Shaft)
____ (____)- space in the diaphysis of a long bone that contains bone marrow.
Medullary Cavity (Marrow Cavity)
____- enlarged ends of a long bone.
Epiphyses
____ (___) is covered by more durable compact bone.
Spongy (Cancellous) Bone
Spongy bone is found in _____, and the middle of nearly all others.
End of Long Bones
____- a layer of hyaline cartilage that covers the joint surface where one bone meets another.
Articular Cartilage
____- minute holes in the bone surface that allows blood vessels to penetrate. (Physical Hole)
Nutrient Foramina
____ can be found in the middle of the flat bone.
Spongy Bone
____- external sheath that covers bone except where there is articular cartilage.
Periosteum
The periosteum's outer fibrous layer is made of ____.
Collagen
The _____ of the periosteum forms cells.
Inner Osteogenic Layer
The ____ is important to growth of bone and healing fractures.
Inner Osteogenic Layer
____- thin layer of reticular connective tissue lining the marrow cavity.
Endosteum
_____ (_____)- area of hyaline cartilage that separates the marrow spaces of the epiphysis and diaphysis.
Epiphyseal Plate (Growth Plate)
____ (___)- enables growth in length
Epiphyseal Plate (Growth Plate)
____- in adults, a bony scar that marks where growth plate used to be.
Epiphyseal Line
Ligaments hold what together?
Holds bone together at joints
Tendons hold what together?
Attach muscle to bone
Bone (Osseous Tissue)- connective tissue with the matrix hardened by ____ and other minerals.
Calcium Phosphate
Bone is permeated with nerves and blood vessels, which attests to its ____ and ____ activity.
Sensitivity and Metabolic Activity
Medullary Cavity (Marrow Cavity)- space in the diaphysis of a long bone that contains ____.
Bone Marrow
Articular Cartilage is a layer of ____ that covers the joint surface where one bone meets another.
Hyaline Cartilage