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Physical Education Content Exam (076)
Terms in this set (71)
Components of Health-Related Fitness
1. Cardio respiratory Endurance
2. Muscular Strength
3. Muscular Endurance
5. Healthy Body Composition
National Association for Sport and PE (NASPE)'s
Identifies quality PE as both developmentally and instructionally appropriate for the actual children involved.
Developmentally + Instructionally Appropriate
Consider both physical and cognitive development by enabling students to analyze, communicate, question, integrate, apply concepts, and attain multicultural worldviews.
Also promotes affective development throughout the school year.
Defines the individual as being able to complete all of one's daily living tasks without become overly tired and still having enjoyment for other actives.
Effective fitness programs include: aerobic exercises, resistant training, and flexibility.
Body + Spacial Awareness
Pointing, touching, seeing different parts of the body
Fit body into differently sized and shaped spaces
Spacial Concepts: up, down, right, left, forward, backwards, diagonal. (Levels: low, medium, high)
Pathways + PLANES (vertical, horizontal, circle)
Energy (short term, high term)
Time (shorter, longer)
Speed (slow, medium, fast)
Force (soft, hard)
Rotational version of force. How much given force can make something/someone rotate or turn.
Example. Skater with longer arms, rotates quicker.
Bio mechanical Summation
Summation of forces is to attain maximal force with any movement that used multiple muscles in a manner that enables generating the maximum force possible.
Concept: Force-motion states that, when we produce or change movement, unbalanced forces act upon our bodies or objects we manipulate.
Locomotor Skills Vs. Non locomotor Skills
Walking, running, hopping, jumping, skipping, galloping, sliding, galloping sideways, leaping.
Bending, twisting, curling, swaying..
Fundamental Motor Skills
Running, jumping vertically, leaping, dodging, kicking, overhand throwing, catching, ball bouncing, punting, forehand striking, and two handed side arm striking.
Manipulative + Object Control Skill
Fine Motor: zipping zippers, clasps, twist ties, pencils, drawing, using utensils...
Manipulative: pushing, pulling, lifting, swinging, sticking, throwing, catching, kicking, rolling a ball, bouncing, dribbling (using an object or piece of equipment)
Stages of Human Life (8)
Infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, late childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood.
Piaget's Stages for Cognitive Development
Infants are in the sensorimotor stage of cognitive development, perceiving the world through receiving sensory stimuli and responding and interacting through motor activities.
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
Trust vs. Mistrust
Initiative vs. Guilt
Industry vs. inferiority
Identity vs. role confusion
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Generativity vs. Stagnation
Integrity vs. Despair
Gross + Fine Motor Milestones
Birth: Rooting, sucking, grasping
3-6: roll over, pull body forward, grasp edges, reach and grasp objects.
6-9: crawl, grasp objects and pull towards, transfer toys between hands.
9-12: sitting up, standing up, walking without assistance.
1-2 years: Body balance + hand-eye coordination.
Short (10 seconds or less) not producing lactic acid
Exercise up to 90 seconds
**Both do not use oxygen!!
Somatotype (Individual Body Types or Body Shapes)
1. Ectomorph: long, narrow, thin shape with minimum fat. (Long distance running, high jump)
2. Endomorph: fat, often pear shaped. (shot-putting, wrestling)
3. Mesomorph: Muscular, often wedge-shaped. (Gymnastics, swimming)
Manual Skills (Reaching + Grasping)
Before Birth: Arm + Hand movements, waving, isolated finger, coordination of moving thumb to mouth.
Born-5 Months: Jerky extensions, flapping arms, reaching objects.
8 Months: Adjust hand shape, reach and grasp successful in the dark as in light.
Then start to learn diff. textures and use diff. objects (Exploring-testing to learn)
Inter-Limb Coordination + Gait
Feet are spaced widely apart, with toes pointed outward
Either set foot down all at once or walk on toes (don't roll from heal to toe yet)
Kinesthesis + Equilibrium
Sense of the body parts positions and movements.
We can distinguish whether we are standing, sitting, or lying down.
Standardized vs. Authentic Assessment
Provides comparison of a student to a national or state average.
Can be individualized, more focused on real life.
Smallest of the four muscles in the buttocks?
Tensor Fasciae Latae
What is Body Mass Index? (BMI)
Ratio of weight to height squared
Motor Development Trend from earlier to later findings?
From maturation to maturation plus experience
(Experience can be self, family, social, or environment factors.)
How do body parts move?
Largest body parts are the slowest but move first
Center of Gravity (COG)
Varies according to the body parts position
(If you are sitting, standing, or laying down)
Movement Concept involves vertical, horizontal, and circular paths?
What quality of movement if bound/interrupted or free/ sustained?
Which relationship can involve only one body without another body or objects?
The relationship of on or off
Bench press weights to strengthen arms or squats to strengthen legs is an example of which type of strength training?
Short-term effects of exercise on health?
Exercising releases endorphin's, generating euphoria.
What most accurately described the relationship between nutrition and fitness?
Eating right provides energy for exercise, while exercise can control appetite.
What body system controls fluid loss, protects deep tissue, and synthesizes vitiamin D?
The Integument System - protects your skin.
The respiratory system ______ oxygen and ________ carbon dioxide.
In the central nervous system, hierarchy of motor control which level of the brain produces a motor program?
Historically accurate about motor development?
It was thoroughly catalogued from the 1930's to the 1940's, progressing less from the 1950's to the 1980's.
Role of Posture in theories of motor development?
Basic of action, posture is more important to contemporary theories.
What concept of movement has one static and dynamic type?
Frog kick is used in which swimming stroke
Compared to classroom liability, what is valid for a liability in PE?
Projectiles and water increase
Which statement about PE safety is a valid liability?
PE classes must instruct calling for and backing away from fly balls.
Performance effects most closely caused by student marijuana abuse before alcohol abuse in PE?
Impaired depth perception
One effect on student health cause by substance abuse results from the largest number of causes?
Appropriate for girls and boys to participate together and are less dependent on team assignment by skill level?
Activities that require agility and lower-body strength
Sport for a student that is Ectomorphic Somatotype?
Perceptual-motor abilities, what skill would be MOST affected by?
Handling a hockey puck
Motor skill training, endurance training, and strength training all share which neuroplasticity effects?
Spinal Reflex Modification
Three stages of learning, what characteristic is of the associative stage?
Making fewer and more consistent errors
Compared to time of physical activity of medical recommendations, children actually only receive how much time of PE in school?
ONLY 1/6th of what is recommended!!
Effective strategy to enhance student perceived physical competence?
Specify the length of time for practice but not the number of trials.
TARGET model "R" stands for
Acknowledging process and improvement RATHER than product
Recommendation for PET to plan effective class behavior management?
Define expectations of what they (the teacher) want the students TO DO
Tell students when to do something BEFORE telling them what to do.
Settling disputes with rock, paper, scissors is viewed as?
Effective because it is objective
Non Verbal + Verbal Communication
Serves a function of performing social rituals.
Verbal communication consists of texting, sign language, and conversation.
Prescriptive vs. Descriptive feedback?
Descriptive examples: you can do this, that was great!
When does PE instruct necessary feedback to students and how?
When a skill requires specific correction
Use of sandwich approach: Positive reinforcement, correction, and positive reinforcement
MOST accurate about PE bulletin boards to communicate instructional information to students?
Time-lapse bulletin board accesses student participation and creativity.
Fundamental movement skills, which are in the same category?
Rotation and Balance
What is NOT a phase of learning?
Research states what about feedback?
External feedback should stimulate internal feedback
Feedback quality is more important that feedback quantity
Among Japanese martial arts, which one uses a weapon?
Debate over standardized testing in PE, which is NOT a common argument?
Standardized testing supports motivation for lifelong physical activity.
When planning best for PE what should be included to be effective?
Lessons and programs should reflect national, state, and LOCAL standards.
Students should meet the objectives by the end of the lesson.
Valid principle of PE and coaching for teaching movement and sports skills?
Asking think-about questions gives an advantage to students.
Compared to naturalistic observations, structured observations are what?
more objective and less subjective
What member of the special needs team should provide IQ testing and behavior management training?
Which of the following biomechanics subject are based on calculus?
Differentiation and integration
What language is commonly shared in both ballet and ballroom dancing?
Effective PET use reflection, what characterizes this best?
Reflect not only on themselves but also on students and the class element.
it's a process they rely on continually to improve ALL elements of teaching.
The MyfitnesssPal, Endomondo, and Fit-bit apps all share what?
**Fit-bit is used for fashion and motivation
Also GradeBookPro can be used with apps to streamline all these and a great way many more teacher tasks.
Coaches Eye or icoachview is for student enthusiasm and to help appreciate constructive criticism.
True about technology tools for schools and teachers records?
They are more efficient but only for maintaining records.
Technology can be used to record, play back, and and analyzing teaching practices for improvement.
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