72 terms

Theology Chapter 7: Matrimony

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adultery
Sexual relations between a married person and one to whom he or she is not married. It is opposed to the Sacrament of Matrimony, because it contradicts the equal dignity of man and woman and the unity and exclusivity of married love
annulment
More properly called a "decree of nullity," a declaration by an ecclesiastical court that a presumed marriage was never valid
artificial birth control
The use of mechanical, chemical, or medical procedures to prevent conception from taking place. This a grave disorder against the openness to life required of marriage and the inner truth of conjugal love
cohabitation
The situation in which unmarried individuals live together as "husband" and "wife"
conjugal love
A total, faithful, exclusive, willing, and unitive love that is not only physical but also spiritual. As such, it desires children and is willing to suffer for the good of the other
consent
Generally used in reference to marriage, the act whereby a man and a woman give themselves to each other, either verbally or through other signs, for the purpose of establishing their union
consummated marriage
A marriage in which the spouses have engaged together in the conjugal act that is apt for the generation of offspring
covenant
A solemn promise or contract regarding future action binding on the participants and fortified by an oath, expressed either in words or in symbolic action
divorce
A civil dissolution of marriage. A civil one does not free people before God (they are still bound in a valid marriage); thus, an attempted remarriage would be adultery. In addition, it introduces disorder into the family and into society. It brings grave harm to the spouses and the children
domestic church
An ancient expression for the family, recognizing the parents as the first heralds of the Faith to their children in both word and example
family
The domestic church; a man and a woman united in marriage, together with their children; a community of faith, hope, and charity. Each member, in accord with his or her own role, exercises the baptismal priesthood and contributes toward making a community of grace and prayer, a school of human and Christian virtue,and the place where the Faith is first proclaimed to children
Humanae Virtae
The Latin title of Bl. Paul VI's encyclical meaning, "Of Human Life," reaffirming that the use of artificial birth control is intrinsically wrong. This document has sometimes been called prophetic for its accurate prediction of the decline in morality which would occur if the use of artificial birth control became widespread
impediment
A barrier that arises out of a person's condition or something he has done preventing the valid reception of the Sacraments of Matrimony or Holy Orders
indissoluble
The quality of an entity that cannot be divided into its constituent parts. This quality of the Sacrament of Matrimony means the union of marriage cannot be broken except by the death of a spouse
marriage preparation course (pre-cana)
A course or series of conferences sponsored by the Church to assist engaged couples in preparing for sacramental marriage. It takes its name from the location of the wedding at which Our Lord performed his first miracle
matrimonial consent
An act of the will by which a man and a woman, through an irrevocable covenant, mutually give and accept each other, declaring their willingness to accept children
matrimony (sacrament of)
the sacrament by which a baptized man and a baptized woman, in accordance with God's design from the beginning, are joined in an intimate union of life and love," so they are no longer two but one." (MT 19:6). This union is ordered to the mutual benefit of the spouses and the procreation and education of children ("Be fruitful and multiply." [Gn 1:28])
natural family planning
The practice of engaging in sexual intercourse based on the woman's natural cycles of fertility and infertility. Intended for the use to postpone a new birth only for serious reasons, it can also be used to conceive
nuptial mass
The liturgical service consisting of a special Mass and blessing at which a couple exchange marital consent
polygamy
Attempted marriage between more than two people (one man and one woman) at the same time. It refers to a man attempting marriage with more than one wife; polyandry refers to a woman attempting marriage with more than one husband. This is a sin against the unity of marriage and forbidden by the Sixth Commandment
premarital sex
Also known as fornication, engaging in sexual intercourse outside the bond of marriage and condemned by St. Paul as a grave sin
procreation
The formation of new life through a married couple's cooperation with God and in response to their vocation
unitive
That dimension of the marital act which expresses love and intimacy
vow
A solemn promise before God to perform some act or make a gift or sacrifice; a solemn engagement to devote oneself to religious life
witness
A person who gives testimony concerning something of which he has direct knowledge. Every Christian is called to be a witness of Jesus Christ
What do all of the attributes of Matrimony point to?
a total gift of self to the other person
What Latin word is the word conjugal come from?
conjungere
What does conjungere mean?
to join together
What are the two aspects of the conjugal or marital act in marriage?
- the unitive
- the procreative
What consequences did Humanae Vitae warn about the widespread use of artificial birth control?
- Adultery (accompanied by a weakness of the family and divorce) would become more common
- The general level of sexual morality would be lowered
- There would be a dramatic increase in sexual promiscuity
- Premarital sex would become widespread
- Respect for the human person and especially of women would be diminished as the body would be viewed as an object of selfish enjoyment
-Governments would impose artificial birth control on segments of the population
What are the requirements of a valid marraige?
- consent
- follow the proper marriage rites of the Church
- no impediments
What are the impediments arising under Divine Law?
- impotence: inability to have marital relations
- existing marriage bond
-consanguinity: all relatives originating from a common ancestor, up to and including the second degree
What are the impediments arising under Ecclesiastical (Church) Law ?
- lack of valid age
- disparity of cult
- holy orders'
- public or perpetual vow of chastity
- abduction
- crime
- consanguinity
- affinity
- public propriety
- legal relationship
When was marriage established?
at the beginning of creation
A sacred promise between and man is a...
covenant
How many months is pre- Cana?
at least 4-6 months
How many impediments can a couple have if they want to get married?
0
Who confers the Sacrament of Matrimony?
the couple themselves
T/F:You don't have to be open to kids when you enter into a marriage.
False
T/F: The use of artificial birth control is allowed in the Church.
False
The domestic church is...
the home
T/F: Polygamy is the marriage between only two people.
False
What is the matter of the Sacrament of Matrimony?
the couple themselves
What is the form?
the vows
T/F: Natural family planning is not accepted in the Church.
False
Where can a couple get married?
Only in a church
T/F: The couple can change how the ceremony is formatted
False
What is the sacramental marriage essentially about?
communion
T/F: Matrimony is when one individual becomes two.
False
Who is the initiator of this sacrament?
The 2 people getting married
Where does Matrimony start in the Bible?
Adam and Eve
Where does Matrimony conclude in the Bible?
Book of Revelation
What is an essential element of this sacrament?
a priest or deacon
What do receive if the marriage is done during mass?
a nuptial blessing
Who usually gets married during a Catholic mass?
2 Catholics
Which marriage would be considered not sacramental?
A Catholic and Unbaptized Person
What is not a symbol of Matrimony?
eternal love
The ______ symbolizes eternal love.
the rings
T/F:Penance is a ritual done before a Catholic wedding.
True
T/F: Age can't be an impediment for marriage.
False
Previous marriages are an impediment if not _______.
dissolved
What is not an impediment?
looks
You must give _____ before you can be married.
your consent
T/F: The Church doesn't encourage the procreation of children.
False
What is another essential element of the Sacrament of Matrimony?
2 witnesses
Which finger is the wedding ring worn on?
the left ring finger
Why was the ring worn on the left ring finger?
belief of a vein running from the finger to the heart
Agape
Eternal, self giving love
Eros
Sexual pleasure love
Phila
Brotherly, friendly love
What does the First Epistle of St. John tells us about God?
God is love, all merciful, and all giving
What document did the Second Vatican Council spoke of sanctity if marriage which discussed how Christian spouses cooperate with God in his act of creation?
Gaudium et Spes