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Chapter 3 - MUH2051
Terms in this set (40)
The length of a tone; basis of rhythm in music.
The highness or lowness of a note; basis of pitch in music.
The loudness of a tone; basis of dynamics in music.
Sound quality, or "tone color"; what particular notes, instruments, or voices "sound like."
In music, the organization of sounds and silences in time.
Notes played at the level of rhythmic subdivision at which there are four evenly spaced notes per quarter note.
two evenly spaced notes per quarter note
Notes whose duration often defines the beat in music
steady, underlying pulse
when the individual beats are divided into smaller rhythmic units
when individual beats are grouped together into larger units
defined by the number of beats found in a measuer
VERY long measures
accented notes that fall between beats
speed, rate at which the beats pass
Musical rhythm in which there is no discernible beat or meter.
A sequence of pitches that defines the identity of a song or other piece of music as it unfolds; a "tune." Every melody has distinctive features including range, direction, and contour.
An ascending and/or descending series of notes of different pitch. Songs and other pieces of music are typically "built" from the notes of particular scales. The chromatic, major, pentatonic, minor, and blues scales are important types in Western and related music
A comprehensive, multidimensional musical system—based on but not limited to a specific scale of pitches—that guides composers/performers on how to generate musical works and performances in that mode. May encompass both musical dimensions (pitches, ornaments, melodic procedures) and extramusical dimensions (associations with particular times of day, seasons, emotions).
The phenomenon accounting for why the "same" pitch may occur in multiple—that is, higher and lower—versions
the different octave registers in which particular instrument and voices perform
A common type of scale in Western music with seven pitches per octave. The ascending and descending forms of the scale employ the same set of pitches.
The first, fundamental pitch of a scale (e.g., the pitch C relative to a C-major scale or a piece in the key of C major).
Term that indicates the fundamental scale from which a piece of music is built (e.g., a piece in the key of C major is based on a C-major scale).
Five-tone scale (five tones per octave). The version discussed in the chapter is closely related to the major scale, though there are many different forms of pentatonic scales in other world music traditions as well.
Like the major scales, minor scales have seven pitches per octave, but they differ in that the interval between the second and third scales degrees is always smaller than the major scale
The distance in pitch between one note and another
A distinctive type of scale associated with blues and blues-derived musics that combines elements of major, minor, pentatonic, and traditional African scales.
Changing key (or changing mode) in the course of a composition.
Tiny pitch intervals, as found in the pitch systems of Middle Eastern, Indian, and other music traditions that recognize more than the 12 divisions of the octave identified in the Western chromatic scale (and/ or that divide the octave into different proportions).
Decoration, or adornment, of the main notes in a melody by additional notes and ornamental figures (e.g., pitch bends, glissandos).
emphasis on a note, way in which a note is played
short, crisp notes
long, sustained notes
A group of two or more notes of different pitch that are sounded simultaneously
A chord that "makes sense" within the context of its musical style
)- the sequence of movement from one note to another
the procedure of building chords from individual notes of a melody
A chord in which the pitches are performed in sequence (one after the other) rather than all at once. An arpeggio (arpeggiated chord) also may be referred to as a "broken chord."
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