47 terms

Grade 9 Novel/Genre and Drama Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

allegory
a literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions (they represent various ideas or concepts)
analogy
a comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification. Example: I am as graceful as a refrigerator falling down a flight of stairs
aphorism
a brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life
contend
compete with others in a struggle to achieve
euphemism
an indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant.
Example: powder room, rather than toilet
fable
a brief story that leads to a moral, often using animals as characters
fairy tale
a children's story featuring magical creatures or events
fantasy
a story that includes elements that are impossible, such as talking animals or magical powers
folktale
a story, often with a message, that was initially passed on by word of mouth
genre
a category or type of literature (or art, music, etc.) characterized by a particular form, style, or content
historical fiction
a fictional story with real and invented characters that takes place during a historical time
implication
what is hinted at or suggested between the lines
implied idea
not directly stated, author implies; you infer (read between the lines)
legend
stories, handed down from the past, believed to be historically true but not necessarily a proven fact. Based more on historical truth and less on the supernatural
moral
a practical lesson about right and wrong conduct often stated at the conclusion of an instructive story such as a fable
mystery
a suspenseful story about a puzzling event that is not solved until the end of the story
myth
a traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural worlds or the customs and beliefs of a society
parody
imitating someone's style in a humorous way
point of view
angle of perspective from which a story or poem is told (first person, third person, etc.)
realistic fiction
imaginative writing that accurately reflects life as it could be lived today. Everything in a realistic fiction story could conceivably happen to real people living in today's natural physical world
satire
when a writer uses humor to make fun of human societal weaknesses
science fiction
a story that blends futuristic technology with scientific fact and fiction
style
a writer's unique way of writing
tall tale
a humorous kind of folk tale that uses a great deal of exaggeration and is not meant to be taken very seriously
act
main division in a play
tragedy
a play in which the protagonist loses, often because of a flaw or fatal mistake
stage directions
instructions for the play about character movement, lighting, sound effects, etc. - often in italics or in parentheses
slang
informal language
script
the text of a play or movie
scene
a smaller division of a party within an act
prologue
introduction speech in a play
portray
depict (show someone or something) in a work of art or literature
mood (atmosphere)
feeling that a literary work conveys to readers; the emotional impact on the reader
motivation
a reason or reasons for acting or behaving in a particular way
playwright
writer of a play
farce
a ridiculous comedy with unlikely situations and exaggerated characters
genre
a category or type of literature (or art, music, etc.) characterized by a particular form, style, or content
monologue
a part of a play when one character speaks along, revealing his/her thoughts and feelings
drama
a play for theatre, radio, or television
facial expression
the way a person's face looks and shows his/her feelings
epilogue
final speech in a play
dramatize
adapt (a novel) or present (a particular incident) as a play or film
comedy
a humorous play that ends with the conflicts resolved happily
dialect
a variation of a particular language that is used by the people in a specific region or social group. Example: the variation of English used by people in Newfoundland or Cape Breton
depict
represent by a drawing, painting, or writing
audience
people watching a play
body language
the way a person gestures or holds his/her body that shows his/her feelings