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Terms in this set (75)
Fibrous protein-used to connect & support other tissues
The great (big) toe
Identify when shin splints are likely to occur
During the first few weeks of a new exercise program
Cite the cause of fibromyalgia
Name the most common form of arthritis
Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease)
Describe the rash that sometimes accompanies Lyme disease
Red with red circle center that resembles a bulls eye
Identify the cause of gouty arthritis
Excessive uric acid in the blood & synovial fluid of joints
Name the hereditary syndrome that affects the connective tissue and causes an abnormal growth of the extremities
A deficiency in vitamin D may cause what abnormal metabolic bone disease?
Osteomalacia & rickets
WHich gender is more likely to be affected by osteoporosis?
Name the term for a benign growth filled with a jellylike substance that commonly develops on the back of the wrist and may be caused by repetitive injury.
Cite the other name for a hallux valgus.
Name the injury that involves the semilunar cartilages in the knee.
List the three abnormal curvatures of the spine
Lordosis, kyphosis, scollosis
Idenitfy the area of the foot that is usually affected by gout.
First metatarsal joint of the great toe
Name the most common metabolic bone disease characterized by loss of bone mass and density,.
Gangrene, severe trauma, malignancy, or congenital defects are some conditions that may necessitate surgical removal of a limb. Name the procedure that is performed to accomplish this.
Are muscle tumors often benign?
Yes but they are rare
The complete skeleton is formed by the end of the ____ month of ______
Phantom ______ sensation is an unpleasant complication that sometimes follows a(an) _________.
Permanent _________ can result from tendon damage.
A(an) _____ most commonly develops on the _____ of the wrist as a single, smooth lump, just under the _______ of the skin.
Ganglion, back, surface
Scoliosis is a ___ curvature of the spine.
Gouty arthritis is an inflammation of the joints caused by
An excessive level of uric acid in the joints.
A fracture with a break in the bone and a wound is a _______ fracture.
When a bone is fractured as a result of disease, it is called a _______ fracture.
An inflammatory response at the bottom of the heel bone is called:
Plantar fasciitis and calcaneal spur
Lyme disease is transmitted from a bacterium that is carried by a:
Tendons are tough strands or cords of dense connective tissue that attach muscle to:
Collagen is a major supporting element element or glue in:
The skeletal system is composed of ____ bones.
Marfan syndrome is a group of inherited conditions feautring:
Abnormally long extremities and digits
Abnormal connective tissues
Weakness of blood vessels
Break in the bone with a wound
Bone is splintered or crushed
Bone is fractured due to disease
Fracture that twists around the bone
Infection of the bone
Progressive degeneration and weakening of skeletal muscles
A condition in which arthritis, neurological and cardiovascular symptoms occur and is caused by a tick bite
A type of arthritis caused from wear and tear on the cartilage which generates
A lateral curvature of the spine
Inflammation of the joint caused by an increase of uric acid
A hereditary condition that causes abnormal growth of extremities, a lean body and cardiovascular complications
Hereditary condition of the great toe in which it is positioned toward the midline of the body
A vitamin D deficiency in children is called
A vitamin D deficiency in adults is called
A bone that is separated from its joint is
Forcibly stretching a muscle beyond its functional capacity is a
Frozen shoulder/ adhesive capsulitis
A shoulder becomes stiff and movement is impossible is
Rotator cuff tear
Injury of a shoulder in which arm abduction is impossible
Inflammation of the heel bone that is usually related to sports is
Inflammation of the fluid filled sac around a joint is
Women usually get this after menopause and it causes a loss in the bone density
Sports injury when part of the muscle, tendon or ligament is actually torn away is
A benign growth filled with jelly like substance and usually occurs from an injury is
Pain in the knee that is caused from an injury and the knee locks or gives out. It also can be repaired by arthroscopic surgery is
A progressive degeneration and weakening of the skeletal muscles is known as
Adhesive capsulitis ("frozen shoulder")
The onset of a stiff and painful shoulder after injury or a period of disuse is typical of
The majority of joints are of the slightly movable type.
Prior chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.
A history of Paget's disease
Risk factors for primary bone tumors include
Chronic, progressive, inflammatory disease of bones and joints caused by degenerative changes in the cartilage is called
An infection in a bone, which can lead to an abscess formation and sequesstrum if not properly cared for, is called
Inflammation of the joints caused by the excessive uric acid levels in the blood and joints is
Wasting away or deterioration of muscle is called
A bone that is normally in contact with a joint but becomes separated from that joint causing loss of joint function is a
Plantar fasciitis & Spur
An inflammatory response at the heel bone, which is a common problem in individuals active in sports and especially in runners, is
________ is a surgical procedure necessary because of peripheral vascular disease and consequent gangrene. trauma, malignancy, or congenital defects are additions reasons.
An unpleasant sensation or complication that sometimes follows the removal of an appendage is called
A degenerative disorder (causing a stiffened joint/toe) of the metatarsal-phalangeal joint of the great toe is called
Tumors in muscle are very common
Maintain functioning joints
Becauase osteoarthritis cannot be cured, the goal of treatment is to
It is curable with early treatment
The following statement is true about Lyme's Disease
Requires a timely medical evaluation & needs an earliest appointment available
A patient reporting bone pain, with or without local swelling, and systemic symptoms
______ is a tendon injury that produces immediate, severe pain, inflammation, and immobility of the affected part.
The major supporting element or glue in the connective tissue is
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