In the acute stage, the child has a fever, conjunctival hyperemia, red throat, swollen hands, rash, and enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes. In the subacute stage, cracking lips and fissures, desquamation of the skin on the tips of the fingers and toes, joint pain, cardiac manifestations, and thrombocytosis occur. In the convalescent stage, the child appears normal, but signs of inflammation may be present.
Which of the following structural defects constitute tetralogy of Fallot?
a. Pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect, overriding aorta, right ventricular hypertrophy
b. Aortic stenosis, ventricular septal defect, overriding aorta, right ventricular hypertrophy
c. Aortic stenosis, ventricular septal defect, overriding aorta, left ventricular hypertrophy
d. Pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect, aortic hypertrophy, left ventricular hypertrophy
The signs of circulatory overload include distended neck veins, hypertension, crackles, dry cough, cyanosis, and precordial pain. Signs of air embolism are sudden difficulty breathing, sharp pain in the chest, and apprehension. Urticaria, pruritus, flushing, asthmatic wheezing, and laryngeal edema are signs and symptoms of allergic reactions. Hemolytic reactions are characterized by chills, shaking, fever, pain at infusion site, nausea, vomiting, tightness in chest, flank pain, red or black urine, and progressive signs of shock and renal failure.
A method for conducting a health-screening interview with adolescents is "SAFE TIMES." The nurse working with adolescents should know that "SAFE" is an acronym for:
a. social roles, apathy/anger, frustration, emotional growth.
b. sexuality, affect/abuse, family, examination.
c. safety issues, appropriate/inappropriate behavior, firearms, employment.
d. security, acceptance/nonacceptance by peers, friends, education.