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22 terms

body cavities & serous membranes

body cavities & serous membranes
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abdominal cavity
contains the liver, stomach, spleen, pancreas, gallbladder & the large and small intestines
abdominopelvic cavity
one of two parts of the ventral cavity (the other part if the thoracic cavity

it is inferior to the diaphragm.
subdivided into 2 parts
1. the upper portion= abdominal cavity
2. the lower portion = pelvic cavity
cranial cavity
one of two parts of the dorsal cavity (the other part is the spinal cavity)

contains the brain
diaphragm
splits the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity
dorsal cavity
contains the cranial and spinal cavities
epicardium
???
mediastinum
where the heart is found between the 2 lungs
parietal pericardium
membrane lining the pericardial sac.
parietal peritoneum
the membrane closer to the abdominal wall
parietal pleura
the pleura that lines the rib cage
pelvic cavity
lower portion of the abdominopelvic cavity

enclosed by the pelvic bones.
contains the bladder, sigmoid colon, rectum & reproductive organs
pericardial cavity
the fluid filled virtual space between the 2 pericardial membranes
peritoneal cavity
the virtual space btw the visceral peritoneum (membrane closest to the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity) and the parietal peritoneum (the membrane closer to the abdominal wall)
pleural cavity (right & left)
the fluid filled virtual sapce btw the visceral pleura & parietal pleura.
retroperitoneal region
the area containing organs not covered by the peritoneum (most notably are the kidneys)
spinal cavity
1 of 2 parts of the dorsal cavity (the other being cranial cavity)

contains the spinal cord
thoracic cavity
1 of 2 parts of the ventral cavity

commonly known as the chest cavity. superior to the diaphragm.

contains lungs & heart
ventral cavity
1 or 2 major cavities.

contains thoracic cavity & abdominopelvic cavity
visceral pericardium (or epicardium)
membrane closest to the heart
visceral peritoneum
membrane closest to the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity
visceral pleura
the pleura that is closest to the lung
visceral
all the internal body organs