Early Humans and the First Cultures
Please use this to study for the Early Humans the First Cultures Test.
Terms in this set (22)
the raising of plants and animals for human use
a culture that has a stable food supply, specialization, system of government, social classes and culture (religion, art, written language)
to train plants or animals to be useful to people.
a huge sheet of ice that moves slowly across the land found during the Ice Age
a small group of people that wander around following herds of animals. Hunter-gathers were nomads and lived during the Ice Age
to spend most of one's time doing one kind of job
the use of skills and tools to meet practical human needs
someone who survives by hunting animals and gathering plants for food
the period of time before writing began
having an extra supply of something, such as crops, that is not needed immediately.
Characteristics of the Paleolithic Era
1. people survived by hunting and gathering.
2. people were nomads - followed herds of animals.
2. Lived during the Ice Age
3. lived in caves or simple shelters.
4. Simple tools were made out of stone and bones - later skills created more advanced tools.
5. Common name - Old Stone Age
6. Time Period - 70,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE
Characteristics of the Neolithic Era
1. plants and animals were domesticated both to help with work and for food.
2. Agriculture developed - crops were planted and harvested.
3. Farming created surplus allowing people began to specialize.
4. People settled down in one place - civilizations began.
5. Time Period - 10,000- BCE to 4000 BCE.
6. Common name - New Stone Age
7. Ice Age ended
8. More specialized tools were developed
A reason to be a farmer instead of a hunter-gatherer
You can have a steady supply of food; people can specialize - not everyone has to farm and it is safer to live in towns instead of alone
Specialization can make life easier?
Yes, since people can do different jobs and still survive. People have spare time to develop a civilization.
Two advantages with surplus food?
1. Extra (surplus) food can be traded for other goods. 2. People can specialize in other jobs then trade for food.
6 uses of fire
3. cook food
4. shape and harden tools
5. scare away animals
6. trap animals
Ardi - 4.4 million years BCE
both quadripedal and bipedal
discovered in Africa - Ethiopia
Lucy - 3.5 million years BCE
Means southern ape - had arthritis
first true bipedal human
discovered by Donald Johanson in Great Rift Valley-Africa
Handy Man - 1-2 million BCE
first human to make and use tools
no language - possibly gestures; some sound
Means Upright human - first true upright human
first to use and control fire
lived in groups
draped animal skins
Homo Sapiens - Neanderthal
Wise human - Cave Man
Found in Neander Germany
had speech - limited
cared for aged and sick
evidence of ceremony - burial
used tools, fire and could make clothing
Homo Sapiens - CroMagnon
40,000 - 10,000 BCE
precursor to Modern Human
migrated to every continent except Antarctica
first clear speech
specialized tools, clothing