50 terms

History Overview

Vocabulary and Main ideas for History Overview Test
a way of life of a group of people
(includes religion, customs,and language)
important beliefs
(examples: freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom to live and work where choose,
equal rights, fairness for all people)
E Pluribus Unum
United States motto - Latin for - Out of many, one
ethnic group
group of people who share the same customs and language
people who leave one country to go live in another country
line graph
visual tool used to show how information changes over time
circle graph
visual tool used to show how a whole piece of infomation is divided into parts
people have the power to make decisions about government
people elect representatives to make laws and run the government
a written plan of government
direct democracy
all the voters in a community get together to make decisions about what the government should do
member of a country
Abraham Lincoln
President who described the government as "of the people, by the people, and for the people"
John F. Kennedy
President who said "And so, my fellow Americans - ask not what your country can do do for you - ask what you can do for your country"
rights of U.S. citizens
freedom of speech, freedom of religion, right to a fair trial, right to vote
responsibilities of U.S. citizens
getting involved in the government, obeying the laws, respecting the rights of others, going to school, voting
system for producing and distributing goods and services
free enterprise
economy in which people are free to start their own businesses and own their own property
money a business has left after it has paid all of its costs
amount of a good or service that is available
amount of a good or service that people are willing to buy
person or group that buys or uses goods and services
person who starts a new business hoping to make a profit
benefits of free enterprise
people can start their own business; consumers can choose between many products; consumers can make choices about how they spend their money
large area that has common featuers that set it apart from other areas
is the study of Earth and how people use it
5 regions of the United States
West, Southwest, Northeast, Southeast, Midwest
criteria regions can be based on
population, geography, climate
weather in an area over a long period of time
business of growing crops and raising animals
depending upon or needing one another
natural resources
things found in nature that people can use
(examples: water, soil, trees, fish, wild animals)
substances found on Earth that are neither animal nor vegetable (examples: gold, copper, aluminum, salt and granite)
fossil fuel
fuels that are formed from remains of plants and animals that lived thousands of years ago and are used for energy
made up of all the things that surround us, such as land, water, air and trees
renewable resources
resources that can be renewed and replaced (examples: trees)
nonrenewable resources
resources that cannot be replaced easily (example: fossil fuels)
preserving and protecting resources
national parks
parks that are protected by the federal government for the benefit and enjoyment of the people
the addition of harmful substances to the air, water or soil
using something again
why do we recycle?
to help reduce pollution and conserve our natural resouces
uses of natural resources
farmers use land to grow crops; wood from trees are used to build houses and make paper; coal, oil and natural gas are used for energy and to heat homes
The Grand Canyon is in this region
This region included the New England and Middle Atlantic states
The nation's largest city, New York City, is in this region
Some of the country's highest mountains are in this region
This region produces more corn than any other region in the country
This region is located along the east coast and is home to two of the nation's largest port cities, Baton Rouge and New Orleans, Louisiana
This region is the largest in area