gov: chapter 10
Terms in this set (65)
made up of two houses
has two sessions
period of time each year when Congress meets
to end a meeting of Congress
has two representatives from each state
a session called by the President
The United States Congress, which is made up of two houses, is also known bicameral legislature.
To settle a conflict during the Constitutional Convention
Why is the lawmaking function of Congress central to democracy?
It's how public will becomes public policy
By creating a bicameral Congress, the Framers of the Constitution
To settle a conflict during the Constitutional Convention
Which of the following was an important reason that the Framers favored a bicameral legislature?
Both Parliament and the colonial legislatures were bicameral
What was the goal of the Framers of the Constitution when they created a bicameral Congress?
Check and Balance, Diffuse power of Congress and settle the dispute over representation of the States.
Why did the Framers of the Constitution favor bicameralism?
A way to diffuse power of Congress
Which house of Congress is each state represented according to population?
House of Representatives
Which is longer, a term or a session of Congress?
The regular period of time during which Congress conducts its business
How many sessions are there within each term of Congress?
Why are there two houses of Congress?
To diffuse power in Congress
When does each new term of Congress begin?
every odd year
After the passage of the 20th Amendment in 1933, each new Congress began its term in ___ rather than in _____.
Which can the President do when a serious problem arises but Congress has adjourned for the session?
Call a Special session
If the two houses of Congress cannot agree on a date for adjournment, the President may do what?
How many terms of Congress are there in a year?
When may the President ask Congress to hold a special session?
Unusual or emergency situation.
How many members are there in the House of Representatives?
What determines the number of representatives (apportioned) for each state?
The Census Bureau
How long is each term of the House?
What is the minimum number of representatives in Congress (both senators and members of the House) that a State can have?
What government document is used to determine how many seats a state will receive?
Article I directs Congress to reapportion the seats in the House every 10 years.
Why do members of the House pay attention to "the folks back home"?
Short terms mean that the next election is just around the corner.
What did the Reapportionment Act of 1929 say?
The Census Bureau would determine (reapportion) the seats each state, every 10 years.
On what day are congressional elections held?
First Tuesday after the first Monday in November of every even-numbered year
What is an off year election?
Between presidential elections
Who usually loses seats in off year elections?
The party that holds the presidency
If the legislature has gerrymandered districts, what has it done?
They have been draw to to the advantage of the political party that controls the state legislature.
Summarize the Supreme Court's decision in Wesberry v. Sanders and explain why it was important.
"One person, one vote" congressional districts should have equal population
The House of Representatives has 435 members. Why does the Constitution allow only two senators from each state?
In the Senate, every state is equally represented.
How do members of the Senate and House of Representatives represent the people of their state differently?
A senator always represents the entire state.
How many senators does each state have?
In which house of Congress does each state have the same number of votes, no matter how large or small its population?
How many senators are serving in the Senate today?
Why is the Senate called the "upper house"?
Senators must be more qualified than House members.
How were senators chosen before 1913?
their State's legislature.
When would a State elect two senators in the same election?
when one of the Senate seats for that State has been vacated by death, resignation, or expulsion
Why is the Senate called a "continuous body"?
All of its seats are never up for election at the same time.
Which part of the Senate is up for election at any one time?
The number of years in a senator's term in office
This means that all of the Senate's seats are never up for election at the same time
The Framers hoped that ____ would help make the Senate a more responsible body than the House.
6 year terms
The ________ qualifications: A senator must be 1. at least 30 years old; 2. a citizen of the United States for at least nine years; 3. lives in the state from which he or she is elected
What was the previous occupation of most senators?
Know personal or political backgrounds of members of Congress.
Representatives of the People
Sometimes, members of Congress vote to reflect what the majority of their constituents think about an issue. Which word describes this voting strategy?
When members of Congress cast their votes in line with their party's platform and the views of their party's leaders, they are voting as ____________.
What are politicos?
an informal word for a politician
Besides screening bills, what is another major function that members of Congress perform as committee members?
the oversight function
In their role as servants of their constituents, members of Congress do what?
help citizens deal with the federal bureaucracy.
For whom do senators and representatives work?
the people who elect them
benefit for members of Congress
Aside from a salary, what is a benefit that members of Congress enjoy as a part of their compensation as elected federal officials?
low medical care costs, a special tax deduction for two residencies, travel allowances, pensions, franking privileges (free mailing), and free printing
The most important limit on congressional pay raises is the threat of voter ___________.
What is the goal of Article I, Section 6 of the Constitution?
Cannot be arrested for minor offenses during the session of Congress
votes based on the quality of the new law
a suggested new law
when a bill goes before the full House or Senate
in line with the ideas of a political party