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Enviornmental Science Sample Quiz 1

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Enviornmental Science
systematic approach learning about the enviornment and an applied interdisciplinary field with an emphasis on solving problems
Most enviornmental problems result from
complex, interrelated problems
Ideally, science is
methodical and logical
Hypothesis
proposed explanation based on observation
Generally, distinguished scientists
may have different interpretations of the same evidence
Proof in science is always
open to question
Inductive reasoning
reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
Utilitarian conservationists, including Gifford Pinchot and Theodore Roosevelt, supported forest conservation in order to provide
homes, jobs, and recreation for people
Biocentric perservationists advocate saving natural areas for their
beauty and wildlife habitat
All living organisms are made up of
organic molecules
Photosynthesis is the process of
converting sunlight into chemical bond energy
The process of cellular respiration releases
energy from chemical bonds of molecules
Population
All members of a species that live in the same area at the same time
Evolution occurs as a result of
better survival or reproduction rates by individuals with a particular characteristic
Symbosis
Living together
Biotic potential
Maximum number of offspring an organism can produce
Climax community
Relatively stable and long lasting
Malthus and Marx
disagreed about the root causes of over population, poverty, and social upheaval.
Demographic transition
A country's change from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates
A demographic transition is expected to accompany
economic development and stabilization
T/F The most common reason that introduced species cause trouble is because they are larger than native species
False
T/F The introduction of a predator onto an island originally free from predators is likely to cause the extinction of a native species
True
T/F In general species diversity is higher near the poles than near the equator
False
T/F Nitrogen is an essential component of amino acids and proteins
True
T/F Photosynthesis is a step in the global nitrogen cycle
False
T/F Water expands when it crystallizes
True
T/F Sustainable development differs from traditional economic development in that it emphasizes economic development in the short term.
False
T/F Places in the world where indigenous people live tend to have high biodiversity.
True
T/F Parsimony is one of the basic principles of science.
True