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MIS chapter 4
Terms in this set (80)
Which of the following best describes how new information systems result in legal gray areas?
They result in new situations that are not covered by old laws
Which of the following best describes the effect that new information technology has on society?
It has a ripple effect, raising new ethical, social, and political issues.
The moral dimension of ________ can be described as the obligations that individuals and organizations have concerning rights to intellectual property.
property rights and obligations
In the information age, the obligations that individuals and organizations have regarding the preservation of existing values and institutions fall within the moral dimension of
quality of life
Which of the following is not one of the current key technology trends that raises ethical issues?
increase in multimedia quality
The central business activities of ChoicePoint raise which of the five moral dimensions?
information rights and obligations
The routine violation of individual privacy is made more difficult by advances in data storage.
In today's legal environment, business managers who violate the law through the misuse of information systems are still unlikely to be fully prosecuted.
________ means that you accept the potential costs and obligations for the decisions you make.
________ is a feature of social institutions that means mechanisms are in place to determine responsibility for an action.
________ is a societal practice of having laws that are known and understood, along with the ability to appeal to higher authorities to ensure that the laws are applied correctly.
As discussed in the chapter, all of the following are steps in the process for analyzing an ethical issue except
A peer at work takes small amounts of office supplies for her own use at home, saying that this is a tiny loss to the company. You tell her that if everyone were to take office supplies, then the loss would no longer be minimal. Your rationale expresses which historical ethical principle?
Kant's Categorical Imperial
A man steals from a grocery store in order to feed his starving family. Which of the following best expresses the Utilitarian Principle in evaluating this situation?
His action is acceptable, because the higher social value is the survival of the family.
Which of the following describes Immanuel Kant's Categorical Imperative?
If an action is not right for everyone to take, it is not right for anyone to take.
The ethical "no free lunch" rule states that
everything is owned by someone else, and that the creator wants compensation for this work.
Taking the action that produces the least harm best describes the
Risk Aversion principle
As per the ________, if an action cannot be taken repeatedly, it is not right to take at all.
slippery slope rule
Identifying the stakeholders-people who have a vested interest in the outcome of the decision-is the last step in analyzing an ethical issue.
Because of their special claims to knowledge, wisdom, and respect, professionals take on special rights and obligations.
The European Parliament has yet to ban unsolicited commercial messaging.
Ethics describes the principles of right and wrong that can be used by individuals to make choices to guide their behavior.
Liability is a feature of political systems and allows individuals to recover damages done to them by others.
The ethical guideline that asks you to put yourself in the place of others, and think of yourself as the object of the decision, is called the Utilitarian Principle.
________ is the use of computers to assemble data from different sources to create electronic dossiers of detailed information about individuals.
________ is a new data analysis technology that finds hidden connections between data in disparate sources.
In 2010, the FTC added all of the following recommendations to its privacy guidelines except
firms should limit the length of time that any personal data is stored to six months or less.
________ restricts the information that the U.S. federal government can collect about an individual and regulates what it can do with the information.
The Privacy Act of 1974
Which of the following best describes the basis for the FIP principles?
the mutuality of interest between the record holder and the individual
The Federal Trade Commission FIP principle of Notice/Awareness states that
Web sites must disclose their information practices before collecting data.
Which of the following U.S. laws gives patients access to personal medical records and the right to authorize how this information can be used or disclosed?
Privacy protection in the United States is ________ in Europe.
much less stringent than
U.S. businesses are allowed to use personal data from EU countries if they
develop equivalent privacy protection policies.
Cookies created during Web site visits are stored
on the user's computer.
The ________ framework developed by the U.S. Department of Commerce allows U.S. businesses to legally use personal data from EU countries.
The Online Privacy Alliance
encourages self regulation to develop a set of privacy guidelines for its members.
In the ________ model of informed consent, personal information can be collected until the consumer specifically requests that his or her data not be collected.
Which of the following is not one of the types of information gathered by Web site tracking tools?
The limitation of trade secret protection for software is that it is difficult to prevent the ideas in the work from falling into the public domain when
the software is widely distributed.
Which of the following best describes intellectual property?
intangible property created by individuals or corporations
________ protects the creators of intellectual property from having their work copied by others.
"Look and feel" copyright infringement lawsuits are concerned with
the distinction between an idea and its expression.
The strength of patent protection is that it
grants a monopoly on underlying concepts and ideas.
One of the drawbacks of patent protection is
the years of waiting to receive it.
The ________ brought copyright law to the Internet age by outlawing the circumvention of technology-based protections of copyrighted materials.
Digital Millennium Copyright Act
Unlike regular browser cookies, Flash cookies
cannot be easily detected or deleted.
________ enables advertisers to display more relevant ads based on user's search and browsing history.
________ prohibits an organization from collecting any personal information unless the individual specifically takes action to approve information collection and use.
The opt-in model
Which legal mechanism grants the owner exclusive ownership of the ideas behind an invention for 20 years?
A Facebook users' visit to a Web site can be tracked even if they do not click a Like button.
Malicious software that is installed secretly on your computer by other applications and that tracks your online movements is called spyware.
Most Internet businesses do very little to protect the privacy of their customers.
The rate of global piracy is approximately 42%.
Any intellectual work product that isn't based on public knowledge can be classed as a trade secret.
Copyright is the legal protection afforded intellectual property, including drawings, movies, and maps.
Software programs were unprotected by copyright law until the early 1990s.
The problem with Web browsers' Do Not Track options is that Web sites aren't obligated to honor these settings.
According to several court findings, the general functional features of software are protected by copyright law.
One of the key concepts in patent law is novelty.
In recent years, the illegal sharing of music files has declined with the improvement of technological prevention.
COPPA is a set of five principles developed by the FTC that most American and European privacy law is based on.
Although online tracking gathers an enormous amount of information on individual users, it is anonymous and can't be tied to a specific person.
Web beacons are tiny, invisible software programs hidden in e-mail messages and Web pages that are used to track and report a user's online behavior.
Key differences between software and books include all of the following except
software products are more easily compared to each other than books.
When a software product is considered ________, it becomes difficult to hold software producers liable for flaws in their product.
similar to books
________ are not held liable for the messages they transmit.
Regulated common carriers
Companies can't realistically create error-free software because
it is too expensive to create perfect software.
The most common reason business systems fail is
Which of the following is a primary drawback to the "do anything anywhere" computing environment?
It blurs the traditional boundaries between work and family time.
Which of the following is the primary reason that the practice of spamming has grown exponentially?
It is very inexpensive and can reach so many people
The U.S. CAN-SPAM Act of 2003
requires spammers to identify themselves
Spamming raises the moral dimension of
quality of life
Re-designing and automating business processes can be seen as a double-edged sword because
increases in efficiency may be accompanied by job losses.
The extreme difference among different social groups regarding their access to computers and the Internet is called the ________ divide.
CVS refers to
eyestrain related to computer display screen use.
Which of the following ailments is caused by tens of thousands of repetitions under low-impact loads?
Gaining unapproved access to a computer is not a federal crime.
Spam is legally defined as any e-mail that is unsolicited.
The symptoms of technostress include aggravation and hostility toward humans.
Computer abuse refers to acts involving the computer that may not be illegal but are considered unethical.
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