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system of organizing space in two dimensional media wherein lines that are in reality parallel and horizontal
relationship between the part or parts of work seen as what artist intended to depict
line, shape, light, value, color, texture, space, time, and motion (plastic elements)
texture that is chosen or created by artist to foil our ideas of the object they depict
in a work of art, an area within a composition that has boundaries that separate it from its surroundings
illusion of depth through various techniques ex: texture gradient, brightness gradient, color saturation, use of cool/warm colors
shifting of viewere perceptions such that what at one moment appears to be figure becomes ground, vice versa
directional changes in hatching that define the prominent textures of the images being drawn
mathematical formula for determining the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole
principle that a small part of a work should relate to a larger part as the larger part relates to the whole
type of balance in which imagery on one side of a composition is mirrored on the other side (can be pure or approximate)
unity in a work that is achieved by means of the relationships between the meaning and functions of the images
rectangle based on the Golden Mean and constructed so that its width is 1.618 times its height
type of balance that is said to exist when the right and left sides of a composition bear visible different shapes, colors, textures or other elements, yet they are arranged or weighted in a way that the impression, in total, is one of balance
canon of proportions
set of rules governing the proportions of the human body as they are to be rendered by artists
characteristic of works of art in which areas of composition are unequal in actual weight or pictorial weight
the use of relative size to indicate the relative importance of objects or people being depicted
the design principle that focuses the viewer's attention on one or more parts of a composition
style of art characterized by portraying subject matter accurately and truthfully, 19th century
characterized by simplified or distorted rendering of an object that has the essential form of nature of that object
a modern school of art in which an emotional impact is achieved through agitated brushwork, intense coloration, and violent, hallucinatory imagery
conventional meanings attached to the images used by the artist and an artistic approach representing or illustrating by using the visual conventions and symbols of a culture
approach to art criticism that concentrates on the elements of design of works of art
substance in a medium that causes particles of pigment to adhere to one another and to the support.
a surface on which a two-dimensional work of art is made; for example paper, wood or canvas.
includes the mediums of metalpoint/silverpoint, pencil, charcoal, chalk, crayon, and pastel.
drawing medium in which a silver-tipped instrument inscribes lines on a surface that has been coated with a ground or pigment.
soft black form of carbon used as a drawing implement (from graphein, Greek for "to write")
form of carbon produced by partially burning wood or other organic matter; it can be used as a drawing implement
drawing implement made by grinding coloring matter, mixing it with gum, and forming it into a crayon
small stick of colored way, chalk , or chalk, or other materials that has a fatty or greasy binder. They used for writings and drawing
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